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格物致知
Study Things to Acquire Knowledge
讲话用例
xi jinping s'citation
我们要积极发展教育事业,通过普及教育,启迪心智,传承知识,陶冶情操,使人们在持续的格物致知中更好认识各种文明的价值,让教育为文明传承和创造服务。
We should develop education more actively. Education can open people's mind, impart knowledge, and cultivate temperament. The continued process of learning will enable our people to better appreciate the value of different civilizations. In this sense, education is an effective vehicle for the continuation and creation of civilizations.
习近平同志在联合国教科文组织总部的演讲
Speech at the UNESCO Headquarters
2014-03-27
同词异库:
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术语释义
EXPLANATION
在与事物的接触中体认人伦日用之道。“格物”“致知”出自《礼记•大学》,与诚意、正心、修身、齐家、治国、平天下并称“八条目”。“致知”在于“格物”,二者密切相关,故有时并称“格致”。历代学者对“格物致知”的含义有多种不同的理解:或强调在对事物的接触中穷究其“理”;或强调亲自实践以掌握各种德行、技艺;或以心意所在为“物”,进而以内心的修正为“格物”。
The term means to understand how we should conduct ourselves through our contact with things. “Studying things to acquire knowledge” comes from The Great Learning, a section of The Book of Rites. Together with “being sincere in thought,” “rectifying one’s mind,” “cultivating oneself,” “regulating one’s family well,” “governing the state properly,” and “bringing peace to all under heaven,” they are collectively known as the “eight essential principles.” Knowledge is acquired through the study of things. Since the two are closely related, they are sometimes together called “study and acquire.” Throughout history scholars have had varied understandings of the meaning of the term. Some emphasize a thorough inquiry of principles in contact with things. Others stress personal practice in order to master all kinds of moral conduct and skills. Still others consider their intentions as things, thus reforming their innermost thoughts as studying things.
引例
CITATION
事皆有理,至其理,乃格物也。
(《二程外书》卷二)
(事物皆有其理,穷究其理,就是“格物”。)
All things have their own principles. An exhaustive inquiry into the principles means the study of things.
(More Writings of the Cheng Brothers)
格物如《孟子》“大人格君心”之“格”。
(《传习录》卷上)
(“格物”就如同《孟子》中所言“大人格正君主之心”之格正之义。)
Gewu (格物) means setting things right, just like what is said in Mencius: A great man may rectify a ruler’s mind.
(Records of Great Learning)
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