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jīnɡ
Essence
释义
EXPLANATION
禀受于父母的生命物质与后天水谷精微融合而成的一种有形的精微物 质,是生命的本原,构成人体和维持人体生命活动的最基本物质。精的含义 有广义与狭义之分:广义之精,是指构成人体和维持人体生命活动的一切有 形的精微物质,包括血、津液、髓以及水谷精微等;狭义之精,是指肾所藏 之精,即肾精,包括禀受于父母的先天之精和后天水谷之精,具有繁衍后 代、促进生长发育等作用。
Essence is derived from the innate life substance, a tangible and nutrient substance from parents, and nutrient substances that are acquired later from food and drinks. It is the origin of life and the most basic substance constituting human body and maintaining life activities. Essence could be understood in either a broad or a narrow sense. The former refers to all types of tangible and nutrient substances including blood, body fluids, marrow, and the nutrients from food and drinks, which are believed to constitute human body and maintain life activities. The latter refers to what is stored in the kidney, i.e., kidney essence, including prenatal essence from conception and postnatal essence from food and drinks, which is believed to produce offspring and promote growth and development.
曾经译法
essence; essence of life; vital essence; sperm; semen
现行译法
essence; essence of life
标准译法
essence
翻译说明:
许多中医汉英字典都采用 essence 对应翻译“精”。考虑到“精”虽有其他含义,但其基本含义是“构筑身体结构和维持身体功能的基本物质,包括先天之精和后天之精”,因此,按照约定俗 成原则,采用 essence 为英译术语。
同词异库:
引例1
夫精者,身之本也。Essence is the foundation of life.

出处

释义

精是人体生命的根本。
引例2
两神相搏,合而成形,常先身生,是谓精。A baby is conceived when the reproductive substances of a male and a female are combined. The reproductive substance that exists from conception is named essence.

出处

《灵枢·决气》Spiritual Pivot

释义

男女交媾,合和生成新的形体,这种产生形体的物质在形体之先,叫做 精。
引例3
是故五脏主藏精者也。Five zang-organs are where essence is stored.

出处

《灵枢·本神》Spiritual Pivot

释义

所以五脏是主贮藏精气的。
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