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qìhuà 气化
Qi Transformation
释义
EXPLANATION
气化指产生各种变化的运动,具体表现为精、气、血、津液各自的新陈代谢 及其相互转化,以及人体生命的演化等。所以气化实际上就是体内物质新 陈代谢的过程,是物质转化和能量转化的过程,因而也是生命活动的本质所 在。气化过程的激发和维系,离不开脏腑的功能;气化过程的有序进行,是 脏腑生理活动相互协调的结果。人体生命活动的维持,需要不断地与自然界 进行物质交换。
Qi transformation refers to various transforming changes caused by qi, i.e., metabolism and inter-transformation of essence, qi, blood, and body fluids. Therefore, qi transformation is the metabolic process in human body whereby the substance and energy transformation takes place, and thus it is the root of life activities. Zang-fu organs play an indispensable role in activating and maintaining qi transformation, whose normal function depends on inter- regulation of physiological activities among zang-fu organs. Constant substance exchange between nature and human body is indispensable to maintaining life activities.
曾经译法
activity of vital energy; qi transformation; qi activity; transformative function of qi
现行译法
qi transformation; qi activity
标准译法
qi transformation
翻译说明:
尽管“气化”也被译为 activity of qi energy, vital activity 等,但目前最常见的译法为 qi transformation。译文 transform 比较准 确地表达了“气的运动产生人体物质的转化生成”之意,基本 符合对应性和回译性原则。
同词异库:
引例1
膀胱者,州都之官,津液藏焉,气化则能出矣。Urinary bladder, like an official in charge of a reservoir, is responsible for storing body fluids and discharging urine through qi transformation.

出处

释义

膀胱是水液聚会的地方,经过气化作用,才能把尿排出体外。
引例2
膀胱气化不行者,助其肾气以益膀胱乎。When qi transformation of the urinary bladder is dysfunctional, it is necessary to reinforce kidney qi to tonify the bladder.

出处

《黄帝外经·回天生育》Yellow Emperor’s External Canon of Medicine

释义

膀胱气化不行的,要增强其肾气以补益膀胱。
引例3
其络于膀胱也,贯脊会督而还出于脐之前,通任脉始得达于膀胱,虽气化可至,实有经可通而通之也。Kidney meridian pertains to the urinary bladder. It goes through the spine and meets the governor vessel, exiting from the front of umbilicus. It gets to the urinary bladder via the conception vessel. Although qi transformation could reach the urinary bla

出处

《黄帝外经·考订经脉》Yellow Emperor’s External Canon of Medicine

释义

肾经络属膀胱,贯通于脊而与督脉相会,然后从脐部之前出,贯通任脉并 开始到达膀胱,虽然气化可以到达,其实只有经络贯通以后它才能贯通。
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