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suíhǎi 髓海
Sea of Marrow
释义
EXPLANATION
髓海为四海之一,是髓液汇聚之处,即脑。人体之精髓,由肾精所化 生,沿督脉上达脑室,并藏之于脑,故脑具有贮藏精髓的功能,而被称之为 髓海。脑髓的生成有赖于先天之精,精聚而成脑髓。在人出生后,脑髓主要 依赖于肾中精气的进一步充养,同时也有赖于水谷精微的补养。如肾精充 足,后天水谷精气旺盛,则髓海得以充养,反之则髓海空虚。
The sea of marrow, or the brain, is one of the four seas where the marrow fluid concentrates. The essence and marrow of the body is derived from the kidney essence. It travels to the brain ventricles along the governor vessel and then gets stored in the brain. The brain is thus called the sea of marrow because of its function of storing essence and marrow. Brain marrow is the result of concentration of prenatal essence. It is further nourished by the kidney essence and essence of food and drinks after one is born. If kidney essence and the essence of food and drinks are both abundant, the sea of marrow will be nourished. Otherwise, it will be deficient.
曾经译法
brain; sea of medulla; sea of marrow; reservoir of marrow; sea of marrows
现行译法
sea of marrow; reservoir of marrow
标准译法
sea of marrow
翻译说明:
虽然“髓海”也指脑,但“髓海”这一术语背后潜藏着中医传统文化思想,因而“髓海”不宜直接翻译成 brain,可按照通俗 译法直译为 sea of marrow。
同词异库:
引例1
人有髓海,有血海,有气海,有水谷之海……脑为髓之海。The human body contains the sea of marrow, the sea of blood, the sea of qi and the sea of food and water… The sea of marrow refers to the brain.

出处

《灵枢·海 论》Spiritual Pivot

释义

人体有髓海、血海、气海、水谷之海……脑是髓海。
引例2
肾主脑髓,故咸走髓海也。The kidney governs brain marrow. Salty flavor tends to distribute to the sea of marrow.

出处

《黄帝内经太素》卷二十九Grand Simplicity of the “Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon of Medicine”

释义

肾主脑髓,所以咸味的食物趋向于髓海。
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