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jūnhuǒ 君火
Monarch Fire
释义
EXPLANATION
君火指的是心火,即心之阳气,与相火相对,有温煦、推动脏腑功能活 动等作用。心为君主之官,五脏六腑之大主,而五脏配五行,心又属火,故 将心阳称之为君火,是生命活动的基本动力所在。君火与人体的精神意识思 维等心神活动,以及血液的化生与运行等心主血脉功能的正常发挥均有着密 切的关系。君火往往与相火相对而言,君火位居于上焦,主宰全身;相火居 于下焦,温养脏腑,以潜藏守伏为宜。二者生理上互相资生,互相制约,互 相配合,共同温煦脏腑,推动机体生长发育。
The monarch fire refers to the heart fire, or the yang qi of the heart, a term relative to the ministerial fire. The monarch fire warms and propels the activities of zang-fu organs. The heart is the monarch and governs five zang-organs and six fu-organs. It pertains to fire from the perspective of the five-element theory. Therefore, heart yang is called the monarch fire. It is the substantial source of life activities. The monarch fire has close relationships with heart spirit (mind, consciousness and mental activities) and heart’s function of governing blood and vessels (engendering and moving blood). Its opposite is the ministerial fire. The former is located in the upper energizer governing the whole body, whereas the latter is stored and hidden in the lower energizer nourishing and warming the zang-fu organs. These two types of fire mutually complement, inhibit and cooperate to warm the zang-fu organs and propel the growth and development of the human body.
曾经译法
monarch-fire; chief (heart) -fire; king fire; sovereign fire
现行译法
cardiac fire; sovereign fire
标准译法
monarch fire
翻译说明:
“君火”即指心 火。因 为“心为君主之官 ”,所以称 为“君火”。“君主”一词在英文中有许多近义词,包括 emperor, king, sovereign, monarch 等。这些词语在西方社会历史背景下的含义 与中国封建社会的君主制度并不完全对应。sovereign 强调主权、 有完全控制权,相比而言,monarch(掌管一个国家或帝国的人) 更符合文意。
同词异库:
引例1
心者,君火也,主人之神,宜静而安。The heart, the monarch fire, governs the mind. It should stay peaceful and undisturbed.

出处

《兰室秘藏》卷上Secrets from the Orchid Chamber

释义

心是君火,主宰人体的神,宜安静而不躁动。
引例2
故《仙经》曰:心为君火,肾为相火。The Immortal Classic says “the heart is the monarch fire, whereas the kidney is the ministerial fire.”

出处

《素问玄机原病式》Explanation of Mysterious Pathogenesis and Etiologies Based on the “Plain Conversation”

释义

所以《仙经》说:心是君火,肾是相火。
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