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liùqì 六气
Six Qi
释义
EXPLANATION
六气指的是风、热、火(暑)、湿、燥、寒六种气候的变化。六气之中, 暑与热同属于火类,在运气学说中分别称之为相火与君火。六气配三阴三 阳,分别称为厥阴风木、少阴君火、太阴湿土、少阳相火、阳明燥金和太阳 寒水。六气是以十二地支配属三阴三阳来说明和推算每年气候的一般变化和 特殊变化的,具体内容包括主气、客气、客主加临三种情况。
Six qi refers to the changes of six climatic factors, i.e., wind, heat, fire (summer- heat), dampness, dryness, and coldness. Among the six qi, summer-heat and heat pertain to fire, named ministerial fire and monarch fire respectively. When six qi is matched with three-yin and three-yang, they are called jueyin wind- wood, shaoyin monarch fire, taiyin dampness-earth, shaoyang ministerial fire, yangming dryness-metal, and taiyang coldness-water. The theory of six qi explains as well as predicts the general and specific climatic changes in a year based on the configuration of 12 earthly branches plus three-yin and three- yang. Specifically, six qi includes dominant qi, subordinate qi, and joining of subordinate qi to dominant qi.
曾经译法
SIX QI; six kinds of body substance; six kinds of weather; six essentials
现行译法
six climatic factors; six atmospheric influences; six qi; six qi
标准译法
six qi
翻译说明:
六气通常是指自然界的六种气候变 化,被译为 six climatic factors,也有译为 six atmospheric influence。但六气还是运气 术语,配三阴三阳,有更丰富的含义。因此,将六气译为 six climatic factors 或 six atmospheric influence 不妥。对于含有丰富 中医特色的术语,应采用术语翻译民族性和简洁性的原则,用 拼音译法表达其特有的内涵。鉴于 qi 已进入英文词典,拼音不 用斜体,“六气”可译为 six qi。
同词异库:
引例1
帝曰:愿闻其岁,六气始终,早晏何如?Yellow Emperor said: “I’d like to know the exact times of six qi taking turns to move from one to another during a year.”

出处

《素问·六微旨大论》Plain Conversation

释义

黄帝说:希望听听每年六气始终的早晚怎样?
引例2
六气五类,有相胜制也。There exists a dominating and restricting relationship between six qi and five kinds of insects and animals that correspond to the five elements.

出处

《素问·五常政大论》Plain Conversation

释义

六气和五行所化的五种虫类,是相胜相克的。
引例3
夫六气正纪,有化有变,有胜有复,有用有病。The changes of six qi could be normal or abnormal, including preponderance qi and retaliation qi, as well as healthy qi and pathogenic qi.

出处

释义

六气变化,有正常之化,有异常之变,有胜气,有复气,有效用,有病 害。
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