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zōngqì 宗气
zōngqì
释义
EXPLANATION
宗气聚积于胸中,由水谷精微之气与肺吸入的大气汇聚而成。宗气的主 要功能有二:一是走息道而行呼吸,推动肺的呼吸运动;二是贯心脉以行气 血。宗气贯注于心脉之中,促进心脏的血液运行。所以宗气之盛衰与人体的 气血运行、寒温调节、肢体活动以及呼吸、声音的强弱均有密切关系。
Pectoral qi refers to the qi in the chest transformed from the absorbed nutrients of food and drinks and the inhaled fresh air. It performs two functions: 1) facilitating breathing in the airway and promoting the breathing function of the lung; and 2) permeating the heart and vessels to promote the flow of qi and blood and assist the blood circulation of the heart. Therefore, the exuberance or debilitation of pectoral qi is closely related to the circulation of qi and blood, the regulation of body temperature, the movement of limbs, and the strength of breath and voice.
曾经译法
initial energy; pectoral qi; gathering qi; ancestral qi
现行译法
ancestral qi; pectoral qi; thoracic qi; zongqi
标准译法
pectoral qi
翻译说明:
WHO 专家认为“宗气”的译文首选是 ancestral qi (ancestral 意思是“祖先的”),备选是 pectoral qi。宗气聚积于胸,pectoral 和 thoracic 都有“胸部的”的意思,后者是解剖学术语,使用 频率较低。故此将其译作 pectoral qi。
同词异库:
引例1
故宗气积于胸中,出于喉咙,以贯心脉而行呼吸焉。Pectoral qi concentrates in the chest, goes through the throat, and permeates the heart and vessels to promote breathing.

出处

《灵枢·邪客》Spiritual Pivot

释义

宗气积聚在胸中,上出喉咙,贯通心脉,而推动人的呼吸运动。
引例2
乳之下其动应衣,宗气泄也。If the pulse beats fast below the breast (at xuli), it means a leakage of pectoral qi.

出处

释义

如果乳下虚里跳动剧烈振衣,这是宗气外泄的现象。
引例3
宗气留于海,其下者,注于气街,其上者,走于息道。Pectoral qi stays in the chest and forms the sea of qi. The part of pectoral qi that flows downwards infuses into qijie (ST30) and the part that flows upwards reaches the trachea.

出处

《灵枢·刺节真 邪》Spiritual Pivot

释义

宗气留积于胸中而为气之海,其下行灌注于气街穴处,其上行走向呼吸之道。
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