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wǔxíng xiāngkè 五行相克
Restriction Among the Five Elements
释义
EXPLANATION
五行相克指的是五行之间相互克制和相互制约的关系。五行相克的次序是木克土,土克水,水克火,火克金,金克木。在五行相克关系中,任何一 行都具有“克我”和“我克”这两方面的关系。《黄帝内经》把相克关系称 为“所胜”和“所不胜”的关系,即“克我”者为“所不胜”,“我克”者为 “所胜”。因此,五行相克实际上指的是五行中的某一行对其所胜的某一行的 克制和制约。
The term connotes the relationship of restraint and bringing under control among the five elements. Restriction among the five elements follows the sequence below: wood restricts earth, earth restricts water, water restricts fire, fire restricts metal, and metal restricts wood. In the restriction relationship, each of the five elements contains both aspects of “restricting” and “being restricted.” According to the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon of Medicine (Huangdi Neijing), these two aspects are called “unconquered” and “not unconquered,” i.e., “restricting” is equivalent to “unconquered” and “restricted” equals “not unconquered.” Therefore, restriction among the five elements means one element restricts and brings another element under control.
曾经译法
restraining of the five elements; inter-inhibition of five elements; the interacting (conquest or checking) relation of five elements; mutual restraint of five elements
现行译法
mutual restriction of five phases, restriction of five elements, restriction among five elements / phases
标准译法
restriction among the five elements
翻译说明:
“五行相克”指五行存在相互克制和制约的关系。译词 restrain多用来表示“阻止;监禁;克制(欲望或情感)”;inhibit 多用 来表示“阻碍;禁止;抑制(过程,反应,官能);降低(酶等的) 活性”;interact 表示“互相作用,互相影响”;restrict 常用来表示“限制,控制;约束”。因此,译为 restriction among the five elements 相对比较符合文义。
同词异库:
引例1
药有五味,以合五行,相克相生,以为补泻。The medicinal herbs have five flavors (sourness, bitterness, sweetness, pungency, and saltiness) corresponding to five elements. They can exert effects of supplementation or drainage in accordance with the inter-generation or inter-restriction of five ele

出处

《黄帝内经太素》卷十九Grand Simplicity of the “Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon of Medicine”

释义

药物有酸苦甘辛咸五味,以配属五行,依据相克相生关系,而发挥补泻作 用。
引例2
五行相克之理,每传于所胜。According to the theory of restriction among the five elements, the disease of one element is usually transmitted to its restricted counterpart.

出处

《金匮要略论注》卷一Discussion and Annotations on “Essential Prescriptions of the Golden Cabinet”

释义

按五行相克的道理,常传到其所克制的一行。
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