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yíngqì 营气
Nutrient Qi
释义
EXPLANATION
营气又称荣气,指流动于脉中富有营养作用的气,由脾胃运化的水谷精 微所化生。营气循行于经脉之中,与血液并行,通过十二经脉和任、督二 脉运行全身各个部分。其主要生理功能为化生血液及给全身提供营养。营气富含营养成分,与津液相结合而化生血液,是生成血液的主要物质基础。营 气随血液运行于全身,输布于各脏腑经络等组织器官,发挥营养作用,维持 正常的生理功能。
Nutrient qi, also known as rong qi, flowing in the vessels with the function of nourishing, is extracted from the essence of food and drinks transformed and transported by the spleen and the stomach. It circulates in channels with blood and flows in the entire body via twelve regular meridians, conception vessel, and governor vessel. It is primarily involved in producing blood and nourishing human body. Nutrient qi, abundant in nutritive components, can produce blood when combined with body fluids; hence it is the primary substance for blood engenderment. It circulates in the body with blood and distributes nutrients to zang-fu organs and meridians, maintaining the normal physiological function.
曾经译法
ying-energy; construction qi; nutritive qi
现行译法
nutrient qi; nutritive qi
标准译法
nutrient qi
翻译说明:
将“营”译作 construction 不能完全体现“营”的主要含义。“营气”是偏正结构,用形容词 nutritive 修饰名词 qi,与原文更贴 切。世界卫生组织、世界中医药学会联合会等所颁布的中医名 词术语英译国际标准,均采用了 nutrient qi 这一译法,说明这 一译法已经约定俗成。
同词异库:
引例1
营气者,泌其津液,注之于脉,化以为血,以荣四末,内注五脏六腑。Nutrient qi with body fluids infuses into the vessels and transforms into blood to externally nourish four limbs and internally permeate five zang-organs and six fu-organs.

出处

《灵枢·邪客》Spiritual Pivot

释义

营气分泌津液,渗注到脉中,化为血液,向外给四肢提供营养,向内灌注五脏六腑。
引例2
营气不从,逆于肉理,乃生痈肿。If nutrient qi fails to flow normally and stagnates in the muscular interstices, carbuncle and ulcer will occur.

出处

释义

营气不能顺利地运行,阻逆于肌肉之间,就会发生痈肿。
引例3
故卫气已平,营气乃满,而经脉大盛。If the stable flow of defense qi is assured, nutrient qi will be abundant and meridian qi will then be exuberant.

出处

《灵枢·经脉》Spiritual Pivot

释义

[ 络脉充盛了,] 则卫气盛满,营气亦满,所以经脉大盛。
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