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gān zhǔ shūxiè 肝主疏泄
The Liver Governs Coursing and Discharge.
释义
EXPLANATION
肝主疏泄指的是肝具有疏通、调畅全身气机的生理作用。肝气的疏泄作 用可调畅全身气机,使脏腑经络之气的运行通畅无阻。肝气的疏泄功能,是 维持肝脏本身及相关脏腑的机能协调有序的重要条件。肝气疏泄调畅气机的 作用有四个方面:一是促进血液与津液的运行输布;二是促进脾胃运化和胆 汁的分泌排泄;三是调畅情志,使人心情舒畅,既无亢奋,也无抑郁;四是 促进男子排精与女子排卵行经。
The term refers to the physiological functions of the liver in smoothing and regulating the qi flow in the entire body. The liver governing coursing and discharge makes it easy for the qi of the zang-fu organs and meridians to flow with ease. It is also of vital importance in maintaining the proper functions of the liver and other relevant zang-fu organs. The term contains four levels of meaning: 1) to promote the conveyance and distribution of the blood and fluids; 2) to facilitate the transportation and transformation by the spleen and the stomach as well as the secretion and excretion of bile; 3) to regulate emotions, being away from hysterical excitement or depression; and 4) to promote semen release, or the discharge of eggs and menstruation.
曾经译法
The liver serves to regulate the activity of vital energy; The liver has the function of soothing and regulating the flow of vital energy and blood; dispersing and discharging functions of the liver; The liver governs free coursing; Liver bears the disper
现行译法
Liver governs free flow of qi; Liver governs free coursing; The liver governs the conveyance and dispersion; liver controlling conveyance and dispersion; liver ruling smooth qi flow; The liver controls the conveyance and dispersion
标准译法
The liver governs coursing and discharge.
翻译说明:
疏:疏 通, 译为 conveyance,表 示的 是“运 输; 运输工 具 ”,不能传达“疏通”之意。译为 coursing 相对合乎其意,course作为动词,可表示“快速流动”,另一个可考虑的词是 smooth(消除障 碍、困难)。 泄:发 泄,译为 dispersion(驱 散;散 开)不能表达其意。考虑到“肝主疏泄”还包含“促进胆汁 的分泌排泄和促进男子排精与女子排卵行经”,可把“泄”译 为 discharge。因 此,“肝主疏泄”可译为 The liver governs coursing a
同词异库:
引例1
肾主闭藏,肝主疏泄,二脏俱有相火。The kidney governs the storage of essence while the liver governs coursing and discharge. Both organs store ministerial fire.

出处

《明医杂著》卷一Miscellaneous Writings by Famous Physicians of the Ming Dynasty

释义

肾主闭藏,肝主疏泄,二脏都寄存相火。
引例2
肝主疏泄,肝病则失其疏泄之职,故小便先黄也。The liver governs coursing and discharge, which however will be affected by liver disorders. As a result, the urine will become yellow firstly.

出处

《温病条辨·原病篇》Systematic Differentiation of Warm Diseases

释义

肝主疏泄,肝病就会失其疏泄之职,所以小便先黄。
引例3
又肝主疏泄,肝火盛亦令尿血……平肝加味逍遥散主之。The liver governs coursing and discharge. Exuberant liver fire will cause blood in urine… Pinggan Jiawei Xiaoyao San will be used for the treatment.

出处

《医学心悟》卷 三Medical Understanding

释义

另外,肝主疏泄,肝火盛也会发生尿血……用平肝加味逍遥散治疗。
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