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xíngzàng 形脏
Physical Organs
释义
EXPLANATION
形脏指的是内藏有形之物的脏器,包括胃、小肠、大肠、膀胱。形脏与 神脏相对而言,胃、小肠、大肠、膀胱隶属于六腑,主要功能为转输水谷与 排泄糟粕,与主持人体精神活动的五脏相比较而言,称为形脏。
The term refers to the internal organs which contain substantial things, including the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and urinary bladder. These organs also pertain to six fu-organs as they digest, absorb, transform, and transport food and water as well as discharge waste substances. The term is so named as opposed to spiritual organs that include organs governing mental activities.
曾经译法
physical viscus; substantial organs; organs containing visible substance
现行译法
organs containing visible substances; organs containing materials
标准译法
physical organs
翻译说明:
“形脏”是指脏器内有有形之物,因此 organs containing visible substances 和 organs containing materials 译 出 了 源 术 语 的 含 义,但略显冗赘。substantial organs 和 physical viscus 均译出了源术语的含义,字面上与源术语较对应,根据五脏、六腑的翻译,脏器 均选择了 organ,同时,与“神脏”(spiritual organ)相呼应,“形 脏”可译为 physical organs。
同词异库:
引例1
故形脏四,神脏五,合为九脏以应之也。The four physical organs and the five spiritual organs amount to a total of nine, which corresponds to nine heavenly qi.

出处

《素问·六节藏象论》Plain Conversation

释义

所以形脏四个,神脏五个,合为九脏,以应天之数。
引例2
形脏者,藏有形之物也 …… 藏有形之物者,胃与大肠、小肠、膀胱也。Physical organs store tangible substances…These organs containing tangible substances include the stomach, the small intestine, the large intestine, and the urinary bladder.

出处

《黄帝内经素问集注》卷二Collective Annotations of Plain Conversation in the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon of Medicine

释义

形脏是贮存有形之物的脏器……贮存有形之物的脏器,即胃与大肠、小肠、 膀胱。
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