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fèi zhǔ tōngtiáo shuǐ dào 肺主通调水道
The Lung Governs Regulation of Water Passage.
释义
EXPLANATION
肺主通调水道又称“肺主行水”,指的是通过肺气的宣发肃降,对体内 水液的输布、运行和排泄的疏通和调节作用。肺通过宣发肃降以通调水道。 通过肺的宣发,将津液布散于全身,外达于皮毛,以发挥其滋润濡养作用; 同时通过肺的宣发卫气,主司腠理的开阖,调节汗液的排泄。通过肺的肃 降,将水液向下向内输布,以充养和滋润体内的脏腑组织器官。肺的通调水 道功能是肺主宣发和肺主肃降的作用在人体水液代谢方面的具体体现。
The term means that the lung governs and regulates the distribution, transportation, and excretion of water and body fluids through the activities of dispersion, depuration, and descent. That is, the lung regulates water metabolism by means of dispersion, depuration and descent. Through dispersion, body fluids are distributed all over the body and to skin and body hair on body surface to nourish and moisten the whole body. Meanwhile, the lung regulates perspiration through its dispersion of defense qi and control over the opening and closing of striae and interstices. Fluids are distributed downward and inward through the depuration and descent by the lung to nourish and moisten zang-fu organs and tissues. The lung’s regulation of water passage is a manifestation of the dispersion, depuration, and descent governed by the lung in terms of water metabolism.
曾经译法
The lung opens up and regulates the water course; The lung controls the regulation of body fluids; The lungs are concerned with the flow of fluids
现行译法
lung controlling water metabolism; The lung regulates water passage; Lung governs regulation of the waterways; The lung governs regulation of water passage
标准译法
The lung governs regulation of water passage.
翻译说明:
“通调”主要指控制、调节,译为 regulate 最为贴切,意为“控制、保持速度、速率,使正常运行”。“水道”中的“水”若译 为 body fluid,显得有些西医化,可直译为 water。“道”可译为 passage,指血管等体内小通道。若译为 waterway,则主要指 河道。参照其他类似术语,“主”译为 govern。
同词异库:
引例1
脾气散精,上归于肺,通调水道,下输膀胱。The spleen distributes essence and transports it upwards to the lung. The lung regulates water passage and transports water downwards to the urinary bladder.

出处

《素问·经脉别论》Plain Conversation

释义

脾散布精华,又向上输送到肺,肺气疏通调畅水道,下行输入膀胱。
引例2
肺主通调水道,而小便之泄,实在三焦。The lung governs regulation of water passage. Nevertheless, urine discharge depends on the proper function of triple energizer (sanjiao).

出处

《素问释义》卷一Interpretation of Plain Conversation

释义

肺主通调水道,而小便的排泄,实际在于三焦功能的正常。
引例3
肺主通调水道,故小则少饮,大则多饮。The lung governs regulation of water passage. Therefore, those with lungs smaller in size drink less water, whereas those with lungs larger in size drink more water.

出处

《灵枢集注》卷六Collected Commentaries on the “Spiritual Pivot”

释义

肺主通调水道,所以肺小就饮水少,肺大就饮水多。
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