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fèi cháo bǎi mài 肺朝百脉
All Meridians and Vessels Converge in the Lung.
释义
EXPLANATION
肺朝百脉指的是肺助心行血于周身血脉的生理功能。全身经脉气血会聚 于肺,经肺的呼吸进行气体交换,而后输布于全身。肺助心行血的生理作用 主要表现在三个方面:一是肺朝百脉,全身的血液通过血脉不断地向上汇聚 于肺;二是肺吸入的自然界清气与脾胃运化生成的水谷精气相结合生成宗气, 通过生成宗气助心行血;三是肺调节气机,影响血行。
The term means the lung performs the physiological function of assisting the heart in promoting blood circulation throughout the body. All meridians and vessels which carry qi and blood converge in the lung, fulfilling the exchange of qi via the lung and then distributing qi and blood all over the body. The term has three meanings. First, the blood in the whole body flows upward to the lung along the vessels. Second, the fresh air inhaled by the lung integrates with the essential qi from nutrients of food and drinks transformed and transported by the stomach and the spleen to form pectoral qi, which assists the heart in promoting blood circulation. Third, the lung regulates qi movement and influences blood circulation.
曾经译法
All blood vessels lead to the lungs; All the blood vessels meet in the lungs; Blood flow of the whole body converges in the lung; The vessels converge in the lung
现行译法
all vessels converging in lung; association of lung with all vessels; Lung faces the hundred vessels; The lung is connected with all meridians and vessels
标准译法
All meridians and vessels converge in the lung.
翻译说明:
该术语中“脉”可指经脉,也可指血脉,因此,译为 meridians and vessels。“朝”有“朝会”之意,既有方向性,又表示汇聚。 译文 converge 指“线条朝某一方向汇合”,血脉可以看作线条, 汇聚于肺。译词 face 和 associate 无法体现汇合之意。词组 lead to 只强调方向,没有汇合之意,不如 converge 简洁、正式。译 词 meet 虽有汇合之 意,但不如 converge 正 式、明 确、意思 单一。
同词异库:
引例1
脉气流经,经气归于肺,肺朝百脉,输精于皮毛。Blood and qi flow upward in the vessels and meridians that converge in the lung. The lung then distributes blood and qi to all the vessels and meridians throughout the body and finally to the skin and body hair.

出处

《素问·经脉别论》Plain Conversation

释义

血气流行在经脉之中,上达于肺,肺又将血气输送到全身百脉,直至皮 毛。
引例2
肺朝百脉,脉之大会聚于此,故曰脉口。All meridians and vessels converge in the lung. In addition, all meridians and vessels meet at qikou (气口, literally qi gateway) where radial pulse is taken. Therefore, qikou is also known as maikou (脉口, literally vessel gateway).

出处

《类经》卷三Classified Classic

释义

肺朝百脉,经脉大的汇合在气口,所以称为脉口。
引例3
肺朝百脉者,肺受百脉之朝也。Direct Interpretation of Plain Conversation in Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon of Medicine

出处

《黄帝素问直解》卷三

释义

肺朝百脉,是说肺接受百脉的朝会。
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