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qìhǎi 气海
Sea of Qi
释义
EXPLANATION
气海指膻中,即宗气会聚、发源之处。膻中指胸中部位,肺居其中,行 呼吸,主一身之气,肺朝百脉,能布散水谷精气,以充养全身,所以把膻 中部位称为宗气汇聚之海,又称上气海。由于宗气积聚于胸中,故称胸中 为“气海”。“气海”也指位于腹正中线的一个经穴名,即上气海,该穴主治 虚脱、厥逆、腹痛、泄泻、月经不调、痛经、崩漏、带下、遗精、阳痿、遗 尿、疝气等疾病。
The sea of qi refers to danzhong where pectoral qi concentrates and originates. Danzhong refers to the central part of the chest where the lung is located, promoting breathing and governing the qi flow in the entire body. The lung, connecting all the vessels and meridians, can distribute the nutrients of food and drinks to replenish and nourish the entire body. Danzhong is the “sea of qi” where pectoral qi converges. It is alternatively named the “upper sea of qi.” The “sea of qi” is also the name of an acupoint located in the middle of the abdominal midline, i.e., the upper sea of qi. It is indicated for collapse, syncope, abdominal pain, diarrhea, irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhea, uterine bleeding, leucorrhea, seminal emission, impotence, enuresis, and hernia.
曾经译法
sea of energy; sea of qi; reservoir of qi; Qihai (Ren 6)
现行译法
sea of qi; reservoir of qi
标准译法
sea of qi
翻译说明:
“气海”一词在中医语境中有三种含义:一指四海之一,即膻中;二指丹田,又名下气海;三指任脉的一个经穴。其翻译可按照国际通用的直译法译作 sea of qi,其具体含义可通过释义予以体现。
同词异库:
引例1
膻中者,为气之海。Danzhong is the sea of qi.

出处

《灵枢·海论》Spiritual Pivot

释义

膻中是气海。
引例2
其大气之抟而不行者,积于胸中,命曰气海。The great qi, transformed from the nutrients of food and drinks, concentrates in the chest and does not move. That is why the chest is called the sea of qi.

出处

《灵枢·五味》Spiritual Pivot

释义

所产生的大气,抟聚不散,汇聚于胸中,称为气海。
引例3
人有髓海,有血海,有气海,有水谷之海,凡此四者,以应四海也。The human body contains four seas, namely the sea of marrow, sea of blood, sea of qi, and sea of food and water, which correspond to the four seas surrounding China.

出处

《灵 枢·海论》Spiritual Pivot

释义

人体有髓海、血海、气海和水谷之海,这四海与环绕中国的“四海”相应。
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