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fèiqì 肺气
Lung Qi
释义
EXPLANATION
肺气为肺的精气,是肺脏生理活动的物质基础及动力来源。肺气是一身 之气分布到肺并发挥特定作用的精微物质。肺气的生成有先天和后天两个 来源,就先天而言,肺气根于肾,为肾中元气,经三焦而上达于肺,成为肺 气的一部分。肺气的后天来源,为脾胃运化输送而来的水谷精气和肺自身吸 入的自然界清气结合而形成的宗气。肺气通过宣发肃降作用,而发挥主司呼 吸、调节水液代谢以及助心行血的功能。
Lung qi, the essential qi of the lung, is the material basis and driving force of the physiological activities of the lung. Lung qi is the qi and essence in the whole body distributed to the lung to perform special functions. It has a prenatal source and a postnatal source. Prenatally, lung qi is rooted in the original qi in the kidney, which is transported upward to the lung via triple energizer (sanjiao) and becomes part of lung qi. Postnatally, lung qi comes from pectoral qi transformed from nutrients of food and drinks ingested and fresh air inhaled. Via its functions of dispersion, depuration, and descent, lung qi governs respiration, regulates body fluid metabolism, and assists the heart in promoting blood circulation.
曾经译法
pulmono qi; the Qi (functional activities) of the lung; lung-energy; the pulmonary qi; Lung-Qi
现行译法
pulmonary qi; lung-qi; lung qi
标准译法
lung qi
翻译说明:
把“肺”翻译成 pulmonary 或者 pulmono,过于西医化,不适合中医术语翻译。
同词异库:
引例1
肺气通于鼻,肺和则鼻能知臭香矣。Lung qi is associated with the nose and only when lung qi is in harmony can the nose distinguish odor from aroma.

出处

《灵枢·脉度》Spiritual Pivot

释义

肺气通于鼻窍,肺气调和,则鼻能辨别香臭。
引例2
八十岁,肺气衰,魄离,故言善误。When one is 80 years old, lung qi will decline and corporeal soul will leave the body. Therefore, one often makes errors in speaking.

出处

《灵枢·天年》Spiritual Pivot

释义

到了八十岁,肺气虚衰,魂魄离散,所以言语常常错误。
引例3
肺气旺,则风入于肺而不上走于脑,故不痛也。If lung qi is vigorous, pathogenic wind that enters the lung will not go upward to the brain and there will be no headache.

出处

《黄帝外经·风寒殊异》Yellow Emperor’s External Canon of Medicine

释义

如果肺气旺盛,风气进入于肺中,但不会上行于脑中,因此头就不会痛。
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