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xiǎocháng 小肠
Small Intestine
释义
EXPLANATION
小肠为六腑之一,位于腹中,上口在幽门处与胃相连,下口在阑门处与 大肠相连,包括十二指肠、空肠和回肠。小肠是一个比较长的、呈迂曲回环 迭积之状的管状器官,是机体对饮食物进行消化,吸收其精微,下传其糟粕 的重要脏器。小肠的生理功能是受盛化物和泌别清浊。小肠的经脉为手太阳 小肠经,与手少阴心经相互络属,构成表里关系。
The small intestine, located in the abdomen, is one of the six fu-organs. Its upper opening is connected with the stomach at the pylorus, and its lower one is connected with the large intestine at the ileocolic opening. The small intestine is a long, winding, and zigzagging tract divided into the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. It plays an important role in digestion, absorption, and waste disposal, whose function is to receive the chyme and transform it, and to separate purified nutrients from turbid wastes. The Small Intestine Meridian of Hand-taiyang has an exterior-interior relationship with the Heart Meridian of Hand-shaoyin.
曾经译法
small intestine; Xiaochang
现行译法
small intestine
标准译法
small intestine
翻译说明:
中医“小肠”的概念与现代解剖学中实质性器官小肠不尽相同,但也是基于同一解剖结构的器官,可借用现代医学词汇 small intestine 翻译中医的“小肠”。
同词异库:
引例1
小肠者,受盛之官,化物出焉。The small intestine takes in chyme and is responsible for separating purified nutrients from turbid wastes.

出处

释义

小肠是接受容纳饮食物的器官,接受脾胃已消化的食物,进一步分清别 浊。
引例2
小肠居胃之下,受盛胃中水谷而分清浊,水液由此而渗入前,糟粕由此而 归于后,脾气化而上升,小肠化而下降,故曰化物出焉。The small intestine is located beneath the stomach. It receives the food and water ingested into the stomach and separates the clear from the turbid. The fluids permeate the front (urethra), whereas the wastes are transmitted to the back (anus). Spleen qi ascends the clear, whereas small-intestine qi descends the turbid. That is how the contents are transformed and transported.

出处

《类经》卷三Classified Classics

释义

小肠在胃的下面,接受容纳胃腐熟后的饮食物而分清别浊,水液从小肠而 向前进入膀胱,糟粕从小肠向后进入大肠。脾气运化而升清,小肠消化而降 浊,所以说消化食物由小肠而产生。
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