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gānyáng 肝阳
Liver Yang
释义
EXPLANATION
肝阳指的是肝的阳气,与肝阴相对,具有温煦、推动、振奋、升发等作 用。肝阳的主要作用是温养肝脏,并激发肝的生理机能,制约肝阴而不使过 于抑制,并可防止阴寒内盛,从而维持肝的疏泄与藏血功能的正常发挥。肝 阳对肝的疏泄功能有重要作用。肝为刚脏,肝气主升主动,具有木的冲和条 达、伸展舒畅之能。肝性喜条达而恶抑郁,肝阳的升发作用,促使肝气向上 升动和向外发散以调畅气机,主持人体气机的疏通、调畅。
Liver yang, opposite to liver yin, refers to the yang qi of the liver and its functions involve warming, promoting, stimulating, and ascending. Liver yang mainly warms the liver and activates its physiological mechanism. It also restricts liver yin from over-inhibiting and prevents excessive yin cold, which help to maintain the normal function of coursing the free flow of qi and storing the blood. Liver yang plays an important role in the activities of coursing and discharge. The liver is an unyielding zang-organ. Liver qi is ascending and active in nature, similar to the property of wood in stretching smoothly. Thus the liver prefers stretching and detests depression. The ascending function of liver yang promotes liver qi to ascend upward and disperse outward, which regulates the flow of qi and governs its coursing and discharge.
曾经译法
liver-yang; the Yang (vital function) of the liver; liver yang; Liver- Yang
现行译法
liver yang; liver-yang
标准译法
liver yang
翻译说明:
“肝阳”与“肝阴”相对,译为 liver yang 是术语通俗译法。
同词异库:
引例1
肝木,春阳也,虚则当冷,肾阴肝阳岂能同虚而为冷者欤?Liver wood is associated with spring yang; its deficiency will lead to cold patterns. Therefore, how could the cold patterns be manifested when kidney yin and liver yang are both deficient?

出处

《原机启微》Revealing the Mystery of the Origin of Eye Diseases

释义

肝木与春阳相关,虚就会出现寒象,肾阴与肝阳怎能同时亏虚而呈现出寒 象呢?
引例2
头胀,耳鸣,火升,此肝阳上郁,清窍失司。When liver yang stagnates and seven orifices fail to work, symptoms such as head distention, tinnitus, and flaming of fire will occur.

出处

《临证指南医案》卷一Case Records: A Guide to Clinical Practice

释义

头胀,耳鸣,火气上升,这是肝阳上升郁滞,头面孔窍失常。
引例3
清君火以制相火,益肾阴以制肝阳。Heart fire is cleared in order to restrict ministerial fire; kidney yin is nourished in order to restrict liver yang.

出处

《柳选四家医案·评选环溪草堂医案》Case Records of Four Doctors Selected by Liu Baozhi

释义

清泻心火以制约相火,滋补肾阴以制约肝阳。
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