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wǔyùn 五运
Five Circuits
释义
EXPLANATION
五运指的是木、火、土、金、水五行之气在天地间运动的时相变化,分 别称之为木运、火运、土运、金运、水运。《黄帝内经》将五气运行法运用 于对时间、气候、物候的分析上,与风、热、火、湿、燥、寒六气相结合, 以推演气候、物候以及人体生理病理的变化情况,用五行理论分析了各种时 间段的相生相胜关系,用五行生克关系分析了季节、日子和时辰三种时间关 系对疾病的影响。将五行生克的思想扩展到一年五个季节以及年与年之间,就必然形成了五运的循环运转。
The term refers to the changes of the qi movements of wood, fire, earth, metal, and water, i.e., wood circuit, fire circuit, earth circuit, metal circuit, and water circuit. Together with the theory of six qi (wind, heat, fire, dampness, dryness, and coldness), the theory of five circuits was applied in the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon of Medicine (Huangdi Neijing) for the analysis of time, climate, and phenology to predict climate, phonology, as well as physiological and pathological changes of human body. The theory of five elements was used to analyze the generation and restriction relationships of different times of a day, and the generation and counteraction relationships were used for the analysis of the influences on diseases from the perspective of different seasons, dates and hours. Thus, the theory of five circuits was developed therewith when the principle of generation and restriction among the five elements was extended to analyze the five seasons (spring, summer, late summer, autumn, and winter) in a year and the time between years.
曾经译法
five periods; five movements; five elements’ motion
现行译法
five motions; five circuit phases; five evolutive phases
标准译法
five circuits
翻译说明:
五运是运气术语,出自《素问·天元纪大论》。“运”是木、火、 金、水、土五行之气在天地间的运行变化。period 指一段时间 或时期;motion 指运动、移动;movement 指运动、移动、迁移。 period 重在表达“五运”的时间概念,motion 和 movement 则 表达了“五运”的运行,但 circuit 可以表示“环行”,表达更加准确。five evolutive phases 不够简洁。
同词异库:
引例1
五运相袭,而皆治之,终朞之日,周而复始。Five circuits take turns to move throughout a year, each having its dominating period of time. At the end of a year, it repeats from the start.

出处

《素问·六节藏象论》Plain Conversation

释义

五运相互承袭,都有主治之时,到了一年终结时,再从头开始循环。
引例2
余闻五运之数于夫子,夫子之所言,正五气之各主岁尔。I once listened to your explanation on the rules of five circuits; however, your explanation is only about the domination of the year by the qi of five circuits.

出处

《素问·六节藏 象论》Plain Conversation

释义

我曾听你讲过五运的规律,你所讲的仅仅是五运之气各主一岁。
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