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wǔxíng shèngfù 五行胜复
Alternate Preponderance Among the Five Elements
释义
EXPLANATION
五行胜复指的是五行中一行亢盛,通过依次递相制约,而使五行之间复 归于协调平衡。五行胜复属五行之间按相克规律的自我调节。胜气的出现, 有两种情况:一是由于五行中一行的太过,即绝对亢盛;二是由于五行中一 行的不足而致其所不胜的相对偏盛。复气则是因为胜气的出现而产生,即先 出现胜气,而后有复气产生,以对胜气进行“报复”,使胜气复平。通过胜 复调节机制,五行系统在局部出现不平衡的情况下,自行调节以维持其整体 的协调平衡。
The term means reducing the exuberance of one element through the successive restriction effects among the five elements to restore the balance. Alternate preponderance among the five elements is a form of self-regulation in accordance with the principle of restriction. There are two situations that preponderance qi occurs: 1) one element being excessive, which manifests itself as absolute exuberance; and 2) a weak element causing the element that restricts it becoming comparatively exuberant. Retaliation qi is generated by the occurrence of preponderance qi, i.e., preponderance qi occurs before retaliation qi. Retaliation qi comes to “revenge” preponderance qi, bringing it to balance. Through this regulation mechanism, the five-element system can perform its self-regulation function to maintain its overall balance when part of the system is in disharmony.
曾经译法
predominance of five elements; preponderance of five elements
现行译法
alternative preponderance of five elements; alternate preponderance among the five elements
标准译法
alternate preponderance among the five elements
翻译说明:
“胜”是强胜的意 思,可译为 preponderance 或 predominance;“复”含有循环往复的意思,也隐含报复的意思,一般译作 alternate。因此,“五行胜复”可译为 alternate preponderance among the five elements。
同词异库:
引例1
面青善怒,亦是肝气太过,当益肺金以制之,毋徒平木。此五行胜复之 理,用药之法。If a person has bluish complexion and is easy to be irrigated, his liver qi is excessive. In this case, we should not only calm the liver (wood) but also tonify the lung (metal) to restrict the former. This is the application of alternate preponderance am

出处

《赤水玄珠》卷六Chishui and Xuanzhu

释义

面色青而善怒,也是肝气太盛,应当补益肺金而制约肝木,不可仅仅平抑 肝木。这就是五行胜复的道理和用药的法度。
引例2
推此十变之候,乃五行胜复相加也。These ten changes of pulses are inferred according to the principle of alternate preponderance among the five elements.

出处

《八十一难经纂图句解》卷二Pictures and Sentences Illustrations to Eighty-one Difficult Issues

释义

推论这十种变化的脉象,是五行胜复而相加的。
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