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dǎnzhī 胆汁
Bile
释义
EXPLANATION
胆汁为肝之余气化生而贮藏于胆的精汁。胆汁为黄绿色液体,来源于 肝。胆汁在肝内生成后,进入胆腑,由胆腑浓缩并贮藏。贮藏于胆腑的胆 汁,在肝气的疏泄作用下排泄而注入肠中,以促进饮食水谷的消化和吸收。 若肝胆的机能失常,胆汁的分泌排泄受阻,就会影响脾胃的受纳腐熟和运 化,而出现厌食、腹胀、腹泻等症状。
Bile is transformed by the surplus of liver qi and is stored in the gallbladder. It is a yellowish green fluid produced by the liver. Generated in the liver, bile flows into the gallbladder where it is condensed and stored. With the coursing and discharging function of liver qi, bile stored in the gallbladder is excreted and flows into the intestine where it promotes the digestion and absorption of water and food. The dysfunction of the liver and the gallbladder may restrict the excretion of bile, which will affect the digestion and transformation function of the stomach. Symptoms such as anorexia, abdominal distention, and diarrhea may occur.
曾经译法
bile; gall;
现行译法
bile; cystic bile
标准译法
bile
翻译说明:
1995 年之后出版的中医药名词术语词典中未收录“胆汁”词条。中医翻译实践中,习惯用 bile 翻译“胆汁”。
同词异库:
引例1
五十岁,肝气始衰,肝叶始薄,胆汁始减,目始不明。When a person reaches fifty, liver qi begins to decline; liver lobe becomes thinner; bile becomes less and eyes start to get blurred.

出处

《灵枢·天年》Spiritual Pivot

释义

到了五十岁,肝气开始衰退,肝叶薄弱,胆汁逐渐减少,眼睛开始有不明 的感觉。
引例2
胆咳之状,咳呕胆汁。Gallbladder-cough is characterized by coughing and vomiting of bile.

出处

《素问·咳论》Plain Conversation

释义

胆咳的症状,咳嗽时可吐出胆汁。
引例3
非仅肝血旺而胆汁盈,肝血衰而胆汁衰也。This is not because bile becomes abundant along with the abundance of liver blood or decreases along with the decline of liver blood.

出处

《黄帝外经·胆木》Yellow Emperor’s External Canon of Medicine

释义

这不仅仅是肝血旺盛了胆汁才会充盈,肝血衰弱了胆汁才会衰弱的缘故。
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