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dǎnqì 胆气
Gallbladder Qi
释义
EXPLANATION
胆气为胆的精气,是胆分泌排泄胆汁及主决断生理活动的物质基础及动 力来源。胆气是一身之气分布到胆并发挥特定作用的精微物质。胆主决断, 调节情志,在精神意识思维活动中具有判断事物、做出决定的作用。胆气壮 盛之人,勇于决断,剧烈的精神刺激对其所造成的影响较小,而且恢复也较 快;胆气虚怯之人,优柔寡断,百虑不决,在受到不良精神刺激的影响时, 则易于出现胆怯易惊、善恐、失眠、多梦等精神情志异常的病变。
Gallbladder qi is the essential qi of the gallbladder and also the substantial foundation and driving force for the gallbladder to excrete bile and govern decision-making. It is the nutrient substance originated from the qi of the whole body to fulfill its designated function. The gallbladder is in charge of decision- making and regulating emotions, playing an important role in mental activities. People with guts (gallbladder qi) are not susceptible to mental stimulation and could recover soon from the attack if there is any. People without guts are often irresolute and hesitant, and are apt to experience timidity, fright, fear, insomnia, dreaminess, etc. when attacked by some bad forms of mental stimulation.
曾经译法
gallbladder-energy; gallbladder qi; Gallbladder-Qi
现行译法
gallbladder qi; gallbladder-qi
标准译法
gallbladder qi
翻译说明:
参照其他类似词条的译法,“胆气”译为 gallbladder qi。
同词异库:
引例1
脉至如横格,是胆气予不足也。If the pulse is long and replete, felt like a piece of transverse wood beneath the fingers, it indicates the insufficiency of gallbladder qi.

出处

《素问·大奇论》Plain Conversation

释义

脉来长而坚硬,如长枝条横于指下,是胆腑精气不足的现象。
引例2
是谓胆气之虚也,则宜补之。This is called the deficiency of gallbladder qi which should be treated by tonification.

出处

《诸病源候论·胆病候》Treatise on the Origins and Manifestations of Various Diseases

释义

这是胆气亏虚,宜用补法治疗。
引例3
胆气妄泄,目则为青。The abnormal flow of gallbladder qi will cause bluish eyes.

出处

《脉经》卷五The Pulse Classic

释义

胆气不循常道而外泄,就会使眼睛发青。
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