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hún
Ethereal Soul
释义
EXPLANATION
魂指的是人的意识活动,包括感性、觉性、知性、悟性。由肝所主。伴 随生命的诞生,人体就具有感觉、注意、意识等能力,又在后天的环境中 不断地生长发育,逐渐习得和形成的知性、悟性等心理活动,都属于魂的范 畴。肝藏血充盈,则魂内守,意识清晰。若肝血亏虚,则意识异常,甚至产 生幻觉、梦游、睡眠障碍等。
The ethereal soul refers to the conscious mental activities of human including sensibility, awareness, intelligence and comprehension, which are governed by the liver. Upon birth, human being is capable of sensation, attention and consciousness. These capabilities develop with growth in the environment for the acquisition of intelligence and comprehension, all falling into the domain of ethereal soul. When the liver stores abundant blood, the ethereal soul remains intact and consciousness is sharp. Otherwise, abnormal mental consciousness may occur with such symptoms as hallucination, sleep walking or sleep disorders.
曾经译法
soul; spiritual soul; ethereal soul
现行译法
ethereal soul; soul
标准译法
ethereal soul
翻译说明:
英文中的 soul(灵魂)概念与中医学中的五神之一的“魂”相近却并不完全相同。现行的标准译法 ethereal soul 中的 ethereal 在牛津英汉双解字典里的意思是 heavenly or spiritual(天上的, 非人间的;精神上的),尽管不尽确切,但是可以与 soul 一起 用于指代中医学中“魂”的概念。
同词异库:
引例1
随神往来者谓之魂。That which comes and goes with the spirit is the ethereal soul.

出处

《灵枢·本神》Spiritual Pivot

释义

随着神的往来活动而出现的意识活动叫做魂。
引例2
肝者,罢极之本,魂之居也。The liver is fundamental to the body’s bending and stretching, rigidity and flexibility, and is the house of the ethereal soul.

出处

《素问·六节藏象论》Plain Conversation

释义

肝是躯体弛张刚柔的根本,藏魂的处所。
引例3
魂属阳,肝藏魂,主知觉。The ethereal soul harbored in the liver controlling consciousness pertains to yang.

出处

《理瀹骈文》Rhymed Discourse on External Remedies

释义

魂属于阳,肝藏魂,主管知觉。
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