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pí zhǔ t6ngxuè 脾主统血
The Spleen Controls the Blood.
释义
EXPLANATION
脾主统血指的是脾气统摄血液在脉中正常运行的作用,主要是通过气的 固摄作用而实现。就气血关系而言,气为血之帅,能够生血、行血、摄血。 气对血的作用又是通过脏腑之气的生理活动实现的,气对血液统摄作用的正 常发挥与否,与脾的运化功能正常与否密切相关;气对血液推动作用的正常 发挥,则与心气的推动、肺气的宣降、肝气的疏泄以及脾胃为气机升降枢纽 的功能关系密切。脾主运化,为气血生化之源。脾气健运,则水谷精微化 源充足,气血充盈。若脾气虚弱,则运化无力,气血生化乏源,可导致各种 出血。
The term means spleen qi has the function of keeping blood flowing within the blood vessels through the securing and controlling functions of qi. In terms of the relationship between qi and blood, qi is the commander of blood and generates, activates, and contains blood. Qi exerts its influence on blood via the physiological activities of the qi of the zang-fu organs. Whether qi can control and contain blood is closely related to the function of transportation and transformation of the spleen. Whether qi can promote blood circulation is closely associated with the propelling of heart qi, depuration and descent of lung qi, free flow of liver qi, and ascending and descending of qi in the spleen and the stomach. The spleen governs transportation and transformation and is the source of qi and blood production. If spleen qi functions properly, nutrients of food and drinks will be abundant and qi and blood will be sufficient. If spleen qi is deficient and weak and fails to transport and transform, the source of qi and blood will be scanty, which leads to a variety of hemorrhages.
曾经译法
The spleen has the function of keeping the blood flowing within the blood vessels; The spleen governs blood; The spleen controls the blood; Spleen is responsible for keeping blood within vessels
现行译法
spleen controlling blood; spleen managing blood; Spleen controls the blood; Spleen manages the blood; The spleen commands the blood
标准译法
The spleen controls the blood.
翻译说明:
“脾主统血”同“脾统血 ”。将“统”翻译成 manage,control 和 govern 的区别在于:manage 主要表示管理企业、组织、项 目;govern 有控制、调节、影响的意思;control 主要有控制、 监管的意思,最符合此处语境,监管血液,不让其乱流。
同词异库:
引例1
脾主统血,运行上下,充周四体,且是后天,五脏皆受气于脾。The spleen controls blood, keeping it flowing in the vessels throughout the whole body to nourish the body. In addition, it is the foundation of postnatal constitution, from which five zang-organs receive essential qi transformed by the spleen from ingest

出处

《血证 论》卷二Treatise on Blood Syndromes

释义

脾主统摄血液,运行全身,充养机体,而且是后天之本,五脏都从脾接受 水谷化生的精气。
引例2
盖脾主统血,管理一身上下。The spleen controls blood, making blood circulate throughout and nourish the whole body.

出处

《药品化义》卷二Transforming the Significance of Medicinal Substances

释义

脾主统摄血液,运行营养全身。
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