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yīnyáng hùgēn 阴阳互根
Mutual Rooting of Yin and Yang
释义
EXPLANATION
阴阳之间相互依存、相互为用的关系。阴和阳任何一方都不能脱离另一 方而单独存在,每一方都以相对的另一方的存在作为自己存在的前提和条 件。如上为阳,下为阴,没有上就无所谓下,没有下也就无所谓上。同时, 阴阳双方在相互依存的基础上,还具有相互资生、促进和助长的关系。如人 体阳气的化生,是以阴精为物质基础,而人体阴精的内守,则需阳气的密 固,阴精与阳气相互为用、相互资生。
It refers to the interdependence and mutual reinforcement between yin and yang. One is always a prerequisite or condition for the other. Neither yin nor yang can exist in isolation. For example, the upper is yin while the lower is yang. The upper does not exist without the lower, and vice versa. Meanwhile, yin and yang will generate, increase, and promote each other on the basis of their interdependence. For example, yin essence is the substantial foundation for the conversion and generation of yang qi in human body. The guard of yin essence in the interior part of the human body requires the consolidation of yang qi. Yin essence and yang qi are interdependent and promote each other.
曾经译法
Yin and yang are rooted in each other; mutual rooting of yin and yang; the interdependence of yin and yang; interdependence between yin and yang
现行译法
mutual rooting of yin-yang; interdependence of yin and yang; mutual rooting of yin and yang
标准译法
mutual rooting of yin and yang
翻译说明:
“阴阳互根”表示阴和阳的存在根源在于彼此,不可脱离任意一方而存在,而彼此又是互相依存的关系,因此,用 mutual rooting 来表达“根源在于彼此”的相互关系;interdependence 不 能体 现根 源。因此,“ 阴 阳互 根” 译为 mutual rooting of yin and yang 更佳。
同词异库:
引例1
阳根于阴,阴根于阳,阴阳互根,营卫不息。Yang is rooted in yin, and vice versa. Yin and yang depend on and mutually reinforce each other while nutrient qi and defense qi circulate ceaselessly.

出处

《仁斋直指方·诸阴诸阳 论》Renzhai’s Direct Guidance on Formulas

释义

阳根源于阴,阴根源于阳,阴阳相互依存、相互为用,营气与卫气运行不 息。
引例2
阴阳互根也,原无定位,然求其位亦有定也。Mutual rooting of yin and yang does not have a specific location originally, but it can be located if it is bound to find its position.

出处

《黄帝外经·五脏互根》Yellow Emperor’s External Canon of Medicine

释义

阴阳互根,本来就没有固定的位置。但如果一定要寻求它们的位置,也是 可以定位的。
引例3
阴阳相根,无寸晷之离也。阴亡而阳随之即亡,故阳亡即阴亡也。Yin and yang are rooted in each other. They are never ever separate. If yin collapses, yang will collapse therewith. As a result, the collapse of yang means the collapse of yin.

出处

《黄帝外经·亡阴亡阳》Yellow Emperor’s External Canon of Medicine

释义

阴阳互根,彼此之间没有片刻的分离。阴亡了阳就会随之而亡,因此阳亡 就是阴亡。
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