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fèiyīn 肺阴
Lung Yin
释义
EXPLANATION
肺阴为肺之阴液,与肺阳相对,具有抑制、滋润、宁静、内守等作用。 肺阴的生理作用包括三个方面:一是滋润肺脏,制约肺阳,保障肺的正常宣 降;二是肃降肺气,调节气机,保障肺的肃降功能;三是下接肾阴,协同纳 气,输精于肾,使肾阴充盛。肺司呼吸,吸入之气在肺阴的作用下,下纳于 肾,在肾阴的作用下得以封藏。
Lung yin, the yin fluid of the lung, as opposed to lung yang, performs the functions of inhibiting, nourishing, moistening, calming, and keeping essence in the interior. Its physiological functions are threefold. First, it nourishes the lung and inhibits lung yang so that the lung can properly perform its functions of dispersion and descent. Second, it helps lung qi to depurate and descend and regulates qi movement to guarantee the depuration and decent functions of the lung. Third, connected with kidney yin, lung yin helps the kidney to receive qi from the lung and transports essence to the kidney to replenish kidney yin. Because the lung governs respiration, the inhaled fresh air is sent downward to the kidney and finally stored in the kidney with the help of kidney yin.
曾经译法
the yin (vital essence) of the lung; lung-yin; lung-yin; pulmonary yin; pulmono yin
现行译法
pulmonary yin; lung-yin; lung yin
标准译法
lung yin
翻译说明:
译词 yin 已收录于牛津词 典,所 以“阴”不用翻译为 vital essence,也不必使用斜体 yin。将“肺”翻译成 pulmonary 过 于西医化。在 lung 和 yin 之间加连字符,固然可以视为将其转 变成复合名词,但也有将其转变成形容词之嫌,不如直接译为 lung yin 这个名词词组。
同词异库:
引例1
喘为气不足,浮为肺阴虚。Panting and hasty breathing are symptoms of qi deficiency, and floating pulse is a symptom of deficiency of lung yin.

出处

《类经》卷六Classified Classic

释义

喘促为气虚,脉浮为肺阴亏虚。
引例2
此症全因肺阴耗散,肺气空虚所致。All these symptoms are caused by the consumption and dissipation of lung yin and the deficiency of lung qi.

出处

《医醇賸义》卷四The Refined in Medicine Remembered

释义

这些症状全是因为肺阴耗散,肺气亏虚所导致。
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