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sānjiāo 三焦
Triple Energizer
释义
EXPLANATION
三焦为六腑之一,是脏腑外围最大的腑,又称孤腑。三焦是上焦、中 焦、下焦的合称。三焦的功能为主持诸气,通调水道。经脉为手少阳经,与手厥阴心包经 为表里。历代医家对三焦的形态和实质有不同的认识。一种认为三焦为六腑 之一,和其他脏腑一样是具有综合功能的器官,由于其与五脏无表里配合关 系,是分布于胸腹腔的一个大腑。另一种认为三焦为划分内脏的区域部位, 即膈以上为上焦,膈至脐之间为中焦,脐以下为下焦。
Triple energizer (sanjiao), alternatively named the “solitary fu-organ,” is one of the six fu-organs. It is the largest in size among the zang-fu organs, including the upper energizer, the middle energizer, and the lower energizer. Triple energizer (sanjiao) governs qi in the entire body and regulates water passage. The Meridian of Hand-shaoyang has an exterior-interior relationship with the Pericardium Meridian of Hand-jueyin. Physicians of past generations held varied ideas about triple energizer (sanjiao) in its form and substance. Some thought triple energizer (sanjiao) per tained to six fu-organs and performed comprehensive functions. It was a large fu-organ located in the thoracic and abdominal cavity without an exterior-interior relationship with any of the five zang-organs. Others believed that triple energizer (sanjiao) divided the internal organs into three parts. The upper energizer referred to the region above the diaphragm, the middle energizer in between the diaphragm and the naval, and the lower energizer below the navel.
曾经译法
triple warmer; the triple burners (heaters); tricaloria; sanjiao (the triple heater); triple burner; San-Jiao
现行译法
triple burner; triple energizer; triple heaters; triple-jiao; triple warmer; san jiao
标准译法
triple energizer
翻译说明:
“三焦”的翻译一直受到学者关注,因其内涵丰富,有些学者倾向音译。以往的译文 burner,heater,warmer 等均不能很好地 诠释“焦”的含义。译文 triple energizer 来自世界卫生组织西 太区的国际标准,虽然译文并不准确,但在国际上得到了一定 程度的应用。
同词异库:
引例1
三焦者,决渎之官,水道出焉。Triple energizer (sanjiao) is the organ similar to an official in charge of dredging and is responsible for regulating the water passage in the whole body.

出处

《素问·灵兰秘典轮》Plain Conversation

释义

三焦主疏通水道,周身行水的道路由它管理。
引例2
三焦者,中渎之腑也,水道出焉,属膀胱,是孤之腑也。Triple energizer (sanjiao) is the organ in charge of dredging and responsible for regulating the water passage. It pertains to the urinary bladder but is a solitary organ without an exterior-interior relationship with any of the five zang-organs.

出处

《灵枢·本输》Spiritual Pivot

释义

三焦,是像沟渎一样行水的器官,水道由此而出,配属膀胱,这是一个与 五脏没有表里配属关系的器官。
引例3
三焦者,原气之别使也,主通行三气,经历于五脏六腑。Triple energizer (sanjiao) is where the source qi is divergent. It regulates the essential qi and distributes it to five zang- and six fu-organs.

出处

《难经·六十六 难》Canon of Difficult Issues

释义

三焦,是原气别行的部位,主管通行生命之气,经过了五脏六腑。
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