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qí héng zhī fǔ 奇恒之腑
Extraordinary Fu-organs
释义
EXPLANATION
奇恒之腑是脑、髓、骨、脉、胆、女子胞的总称。奇恒之腑在生理功能 上具有类似于五脏的贮藏精气作用,但其功能大多隶属于五脏,其中除胆又 隶属于六腑之外,其他皆无脏腑表里配合关系,也无十二经脉之络属,但与 奇经八脉有较多的联系。
The term refers to a special group of fu-organs that are similar to six fu- organs in morphology and zang-organs in the function of storing essential qi. Extraordinary fu-organs include the brain, marrow, bones, vessels, gallbladder, and uterus. They do not bear exterior-and-interior relationships with other zang- fu organs and the twelve meridians except the gallbladder which is one of the six fu-organs. However, they do have corresponding connections with the eight extra meridians.
曾经译法
peculiar hollow organ; the unusual internal organs; the Extraordinary organs
现行译法
extraordinar y organ; extraordinar y fu-viscera; extraordinary fu-organs; extraordinary fu-organs
标准译法
extraordinary fu-organs
翻译说明:
“奇恒”是异于一般之意,即这六个器官与一般脏腑有不同之处。“奇恒”被译为 peculiar, unusual, extraordinary, 目前多采 用 extraordinary。奇恒之腑多数形态中空,与腑接近,因此曾 被译为 hollow organ,但其功能主藏而不泻,又与脏同,因此, 建议译文中不出现 hollow。根据术语翻译的对应原则(腑—fu) 和统一原则(five zang-organs, six fu-organs),奇恒之腑可译为 extraordinary fu-organs。
同词异库:
引例1
脑、髓、骨、脉、胆、女子胞,此六者,地气之所生也,皆藏于阴而象于 地,故藏而不泻,名曰奇恒之腑。The brain, marrow, bones, vessels, gallbladder and uterus are all produced under the influence of the earth qi. These six organs store yin substances in the way that the earth has ample virtue and carries all things. They store essence without discharge,

出处

《素问·五脏别论》Plain Conversation

释义

脑、髓、骨、脉、胆、女子胞,这六者是感受地气而生的,都能藏精血, 像大地厚能载物那样,它们的作用,是藏精气以濡养机体而不泄于外,这叫 做“奇恒之腑”。
引例2
惟胆以中虚,故属于腑。然藏而不泻,又类乎脏。故足少阳为半表半里之 经,亦曰中正之官,又曰奇恒之腑。The gallbladder is hollow, so it pertains to the six fu-organs. However, it also stores essential qi without discharging it. In this case, it pertains to five zang- organs as well. The Gallbladder Meridian of Foot-shaoyang is a half-exterior and half-interior meridian. As one of the extraordinary fu-organs, the gallbladder is also called the official of justice.

出处

《类经》卷三Classified Classic

释义

只有胆因形态中空,所以属于六腑。但贮藏精气而不泻,又类似于五脏。 所以足少阳胆经为半表半里之经,也称为“中正之官”,又叫做“奇恒之腑”。
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