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dàcháng 大肠
Large Intestine
释义
EXPLANATION
大肠为六腑之一,位于腹中,大肠上口通过阑门与小肠相接,下端出口 为肛门。大肠的上段称为“回肠”,包括现代解剖学中的回肠和结肠上段; 下段称为“广肠”,包括乙状结肠和直肠。大肠也是一个管腔性器官,呈回 环叠积之状,是对食物残渣中的水液进行吸收,形成粪便并有度排出的脏 器。大肠的主要生理功能为传导糟粕和吸收水分。大肠的经脉为手阳明大肠 经,与手太阴肺经相互络属,构成表里关系。
The large intestine, located in the abdomen, is one of the six fu-organs. It joins the small intestine at the ileocolic opening, and ends at the anus. The upper part of the large intestine is the hui (coiling) intestine including the ileum and the upper colon, the lower part is the guang (wide) intestine, including the sigmoid colon and the rectum. Like the small intestine, the large intestine is a hollow and zigzagging tract organ, primarily involved in water absorption of the remaining food residues, feces formation and defecation. The major function of the large intestine is to transmit the waste while absorbing water. The Large Intestine Meridian of Hand-yangming has an exterior-interior relationship with the Lung Meridian of Hand-taiyin.
曾经译法
large intestine; Dachang
现行译法
large intestine
标准译法
large intestine
翻译说明:
中医“大肠”的概念与现代解剖学中实质性器官大肠有一定的差异,但也是基于同一解剖结构的器官,故而可借用现代医学 的 large intestine 翻译中医的“大肠”。
同词异库:
引例1
大肠者,传道之官,变化出焉。The large intestine is the organ similar to an official in charge of transportation, and is responsible for eliminating the waste from the body.

出处

释义

大肠犹如负责转运物品的官员,小肠消化吸收后的食物残渣经过燥化输送 排出体外。
引例2
大肠小肠会为阑门,下极为魄门。The large intestine connec ts the small intestine through the ileocecal conjunction and ends at the anus.

出处

《难经·四十四难》Canon of Difficult Issues

释义

大肠与小肠的交会处称作阑门,消化道最下端的肛门称作魄门。
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