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wèi
Stomach
释义
EXPLANATION
胃为六腑之一,位于中焦,胃腔称为胃脘,分上脘、中脘、下脘三部 分。其上口为贲门,下口为幽门。贲门上连食道,幽门下通小肠,是饮食物 出入胃腑的通道。胃是机体对饮食物进行消化吸收的重要脏器,主受纳腐熟 水谷。胃的生理功能是受纳与腐熟饮食物。胃与脾同居中焦,在五行中皆属土:胃为阳明燥土,属阳;脾为太阴湿土,属阴。经脉为足阳明胃经,与足太阴脾经为表里。
The stomach, one of the six fu-organs, is located in the middle energizer and can be divided into three parts, i.e., the upper, the middle, and the lower part of gastric cavity. The upper part includes the cardia connecting to the esophagus and the lower part the pylorus connecting to the small intestine, which provides the pathway for food and water into and out of the stomach. The stomach is indispensable to digesting and absorbing food and water. Its primary physiological functions involve receiving and decomposing the ingested food and drinks. The stomach and the spleen are both located in the middle energizer, pertaining to earth in the five elements. The stomach belongs to yang, namely yangming and dryness-earth, whereas the spleen pertains to yin, namely taiyin and dampness-earth. The Stomach Meridian of Foot-yangming is exterior-interiorly related to the Spleen Meridian of Foot-taiyin.
曾经译法
stomach; the (orb) of stomach; Stomach; Wei
现行译法
stomach; stomachTM
标准译法
stomach
翻译说明:
“胃”基本统一翻译为 stomach。将“胃”译作 stomachTM,是WHO 制定 ICD-11 时为了区别中医和西医的概念。
同词异库:
引例1
胃者,水谷之海,六腑之大源也。五味入口,藏于胃以养五脏气。The stomach is the reservoir of the food and water and the major source of the six fu-organs. When food and drinks enter the mouth, they are ingested and stored up in the stomach and then transformed by the spleen to nourish the qi of five zang-organs.

出处

《素 问·五脏别论》Plain Conversation

释义

胃是水谷之海,六腑的源泉。饮食物入口后,都存留于胃里,经过脾的运 化,向五脏之气提供营养。
引例2
五脏者皆禀气于胃,胃者五脏之本也。The qi of five zang-organs is nourished by the nutrient substance derived from the food and drinks taken into the stomach; thus the stomach is the root of five zang-organs.

出处

释义

五脏之气,都依赖胃腑的水谷精微提供营养,所以胃是五脏的根本。
引例3
胃为贲门,太仓下口为幽门。The upper part of the stomach is called cardia while the lower part is called the pylorus.

出处

《难经·四十四难》Canon of Difficult Issues

释义

胃称作贲门,胃的下口称作幽门。
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