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shènjīng 肾精
Kidney Essence
释义
EXPLANATION
肾精指的是肾中之精,来源于先天之精,又依赖后天之精的滋养而充 盛,具有促进机体生长发育及生殖功能的作用。先天之精来源于父母的生殖 之精,是禀受于父母的生命遗传物质,与生俱来,藏于肾中。后天之精指人 出生后机体从饮食物中摄取的营养成分和脏腑生理活动过程中化生的精微物 质。肾精的构成,是以先天之精为基础,加之部分后天之精的充养而化成。 先天之精需要后天之精的不断培育和充养,才能充分发挥其生理作用;后天 之精有赖于先天之精化生元气的活力资助,才能不断摄入和化生。
Kidney essence, the essence in the kidney, is originated from prenatal essence and nourished by postnatal essence. It is primarily involved in promoting growth, development and reproduction. Originated from the reproductive essence, prenatal essence is the hereditary substance endowed by parents and stored in the kidney upon birth. Postnatal essence is the nutrient substance acquired from the nutrients of food and drinks and transformed via zang- fu organs’ physiological activities. Kidney essence is formed on the basis of prenatal essence plus the nourishment of postnatal essence. With constant nurturing and nourishment of postnatal essence, prenatal essence could fully implement its role; with the aid of original qi transformed from prenatal essence, postnatal essence could constantly take in nutrients and fulfill transformation.
曾经译法
kidney-essence; kidney essence; Kidney-Essence; genital essence
现行译法
kidney essence; renal essence
标准译法
kidney essence
翻译说明:
“肾”一般直译为 kidney,“精”一般意译为 essence。“肾精”译为 kidney essence 是目前国际上比较通行的译法。
同词异库:
引例1
肾气不通,因而泄之,肾精随出,精液内竭,胎则不全。Using unblocking method to treat kidney qi stagnation will lead to the purging of kidney essence and internal exhaustion. Then the fetus cannot be kept alive. Using unblocking method to treat kidney qi stagnation will lead to the purging of kidney essence

出处

《素问·奇病 论》王冰注Plain Conversation Annotated by Wang Bing

释义

肾气不通畅,因此治以疏泄,肾精随之外泄,精液内虚,胎儿就不能保 全。
引例2
熟地黄能补肾精,用天门冬引入所补之地。Prepared rehmannia root is used to tonify kidney essence while asparagus tuber is combined to guide the medicinal effects to the target organ that needs to be tonified.

出处

《仁斋直指方》卷九Renzhai’s Direct Guidance on Formulas

释义

熟地黄能滋补肾精,用天门冬可引入到所补之地。
引例3
肾精不充于目,故好瞑。If kidney essence fails to nourish the eyes, one would often have eyes closed.

出处

《黄帝素问直解》卷三Direct Interpretation of Plain Conversation in Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon of Medicine

释义

肾精不能充养眼目,所以喜欢闭目。
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