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fèi zhǔ sùjiàng 肺主肃降
The Lung Governs Depuration and Descent.
释义
EXPLANATION
肺主肃降为肺主气的清肃与下降运动,与肺主宣发相对,具有吸入清 气,下输津液和气血,肃清异物的作用。肺主肃降的生理作用有四个方面: 一是通过肺气的下降,使肺能充分吸入自然界的清气;二是由于肺气的下降, 将吸入的清气和由脾转输而来的津液和水谷精气向下、向内布散到全身,并 将代谢产物及多余水液下输于肾和膀胱,生成尿液,排出体外;三是肺气的 肃降作用还有助于肃清肺和呼吸道的异物,保持呼吸道的洁净;四是通过肺 气向内的运动,使周身的血液经百脉流经于肺。
As opposed to its function of dispersion, the lung governing depuration and decent means that the lung governs the depuration and descent of lung qi, i.e., the lung inhales fresh air, transports body fluids, qi, and blood downward, and depurates. This physiological function of the lung is manifested in four aspects. First, via the descent of lung qi, the lung inhales deeply the fresh air in nature. Second, through the descent of lung qi, inhaled fresh air, body fluids, and nutrients from food and drinks transported to the lung by the spleen are distributed downward and inward into the whole body, and metabolites and excessive body fluids are transported downward to the kidney and the urinary bladder and turned into urine for discharge. Third, the depuration function of lung qi rids the respiratory tract off foreign matters and keeps it clean. Fourth, with the inward movement of lung qi, the blood in the whole body flows to the lung along the blood vessels.
曾经译法
The lung cleanses the inspired air and keeps it and the vital energy flowing downward; Lung-energy should keep pure and descendant; The lungs are concerned with purification and descendance; Lung Qi should keep pure and descendant
现行译法
lung requiring purity and descending; The lung governs depuration and descent; Lung governs depurative downbearing; The lung has the purifying and descending function; The lung governs purification and descending.
标准译法
The lung governs depuration and descent.
翻译说明:
将“肃”译为 purification 和 depuration 的区别在于:purification 有医学意义上的“净化”之意,但是该词还有宗教意义上的“净 化”之意,不适合做术语。Depuration 有生物学意义上的“净化” 之意,而且是个专业性较强的词,适合做术语。将“降”译为 descent 符合原文之意,也比较简练;descendance 表示“后裔”; downbearing 是通俗派的创新。
同词异库:
引例1
今邪阻于上而不下行,为肺之不主肃降。Now the pathogenic qi is stuck in the upper part of the body without moving down, it means that the lung qi fails to depurate and descend.

出处

《温热经纬》卷五Warp and Woof of Warm-heat Diseases

释义

现邪气阻滞于上而不下行,是肺的肃降功能失常。
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