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gān shèn tóngyuán 肝肾同源
The Liver and the Kidney Are of the Same Origin.
释义
EXPLANATION
肝肾同源指的是肝肾之间精血同源,相互滋生以及肾水涵养肝木、同寄 相火的关系。肝肾同源主要体现在精血互化。肝肾共居下焦,肝藏血,肾藏 精,精可化血,血能养精,肾精能滋养肝血,使肝血充盈,并能制约肝阳; 肝血能滋养肾精,使肾精充足,维持肾中阴阳的协调平衡。肝肾同源关系的 另一表现是肝肾阴阳之间的互济互制。生理上,肾阴为一身阴液之本,具有 滋养肝阴、制约肝阳的作用。病理上,肝肾之阴常常相互影响。
The liver and the kidney share the origin of essence and blood. They tonify each other; kidney water nourishes liver wood and both store the ministerial fire. The conception that the liver and the kidney are of the same origin is mainly manifested in two aspects: 1) Mutual transformation of essence and blood. Located in the lower energizer, the liver stores the blood and the kidney stores the essence. Essence could be transformed into blood and blood could nourish essence. Therefore, kidney essence could tonify and replenish liver blood and also inhibit liver yang; liver blood could nourish kidney essence and also maintain the balance between yin and yang in the kidney. 2) Mutual support and restriction between yin and yang in the liver and the kidney. Physiologically, kidney yin as the foundation of the yin fluids in the whole body could tonify liver yin and restrict liver yang. Pathologically, liver yin and kidney yin often affect each other.
曾经译法
The liver and the kidney are derived from the same origin; The liver and the kidney have a common source; Liver and kidney have the same origin; Liver and kidney are of the same source
现行译法
Liver and kidney are of the same source; homogeny of liver and kidney; The liver and the kidney share the same origin; The liver and the kidney share the same source.
标准译法
The liver and the kidney are of the same origin.
翻译说明:
“肝肾同源”强调“根源 ”,选用 origin。homogeny 侧重有同样的形式和结构,不符合文意。单词 share 含有 same 之意,因 此,只能选其一,译为 The liver and the kidney are of the same origin,或者 The liver and the kidney share the origin。相比较 而言,前者在回译性层面更贴近源语。
同词异库:
引例1
目为肝 木,资于肾 水,肝肾同 源,虚则失养而 眩。Eyes pertain to liver wood in terms of the five -element theory. They are nourished by kidney water. The liver and the kidney are of the same origin; when the kidney is deficient, the eyes will lack nourishment and vertigo may occur.

出处

《金匮要略论注》卷六Discussion and Annotations on “Essentials of the Golden Cabinet”

释义

目五行属肝木,由肾水所滋养,肝肾同源,所以虚则目失所养而眩晕。
引例2
古称乙癸同源,肾肝同治,其说维何?盖火分君相……相火有二,乃肾与 肝。An old saying goes: since the liver and the kidney are of the same origin, liver disorders and kidney disorders can be treated with the same strategy. Why is it? The reason is related to fire which is classified into monarch fire and ministerial fire. The latter is stored in the kidney and the liver as well.

出处

《医宗必读》卷一Required Readings from the Medical Ancestors

释义

古人称乙癸同源,肾病与肝病同治,这种说法因为什么?由于火有君火、 相火之分……相火寄存于两脏,即肾与肝。
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