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yīnyáng xiāozhǎng 阴阳消长
Waxing and Waning of Yin and Yang
释义
EXPLANATION
阴阳消长指的是阴阳之间互为增减盛衰的运动变化。对立互根的阴阳双 方不是一成不变的,而是处于不断的增长和消减的变化之中,并在彼此消长 的运动过程中保持着动态平衡。自然事物中的阴阳双方是对立的,总是此盛 彼衰、此消彼长地变化。导致阴阳出现消长变化的根本原因在于阴阳之间存 在着的相互对立、相互制约及互根互用的关系。由阴阳相互对立、相互制约 关系导致的阴阳变化主要表现为阴阳互为消长。
The term describes the ebb and flow of yin and yang within a certain limit in terms of motion. Because of the relationship of mutual opposing and rooting, yin and yang within any phenomenon are not fixed but in a state of continuous mutual growth and diminishment, maintaining dynamic balance in the process of waxing and waning. Yin and yang aspects in nature are opposite, and are in constant rise-and-fall changes. It is the mutual opposition and constraint as well as the mutual rooting and promotion of yin and yang that causes the waxing and waning of yin and yang, in which the former is primarily involved.
曾经译法
growth and decline between yin and yang; waxing and waning of yin and yang; natural flux of yin and yang; ebb and flow of yin and yang; the relative wax and wane of Yin and Yang; wane and wax of yin and yang
现行译法
waxing and waning of yin-yang; wax and wane between yin and yang
标准译法
waxing and waning of yin and yang
翻译说明:
目前,对于“阴阳消长”的翻译比较统一。译文 waxing and waning 能够很好地表达阴阳双方由于相互对立、相互制约关系 所导致的消长变化。
同词异库:
引例1
寒暑者,天之阴阳消长也;虚实者,人之阴阳消长也。Cold and summer-heat days are the manifestations of waxing and waning of yin and yang within the natural environment, whereas deficiency and excess are that of the waxing and waning of yin and yang within the human body.

出处

《黄帝内经素问吴 注》Plain Conversation in Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon of Medicine Annotated by Wu Kun

释义

寒与暑,是自然界阴阳的增减盛衰;虚与实,是人体阴阳的增减盛衰。
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