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xuèhǎi 血海
Sea of Blood
释义
EXPLANATION
血海为四海之一,是十二经脉之血会聚和调节之处,即冲脉。冲脉上渗 诸阳,下灌三阴,与十二经脉相通,为十二经脉之海;经脉为脏腑气血之 通道,故又称为五脏六腑之海。脏腑经络之气血皆下注冲脉,故称冲脉为血 海。因为冲脉为血海,蓄溢阴血,胞宫才能泄溢经血,孕育胎儿,完成其生 理机能。
The sea of blood, or the thoroughfare vessel, is one of the four seas where the blood of the twelve meridians concentrates and distributes. Connected with the twelve meridians, the thoroughfare vessel could infuse the yang meridians above and the yin meridians below, and thus is called the sea of the twelve meridians. Meridians are the pathway of qi and blood in the zang-fu organs, so it is called the sea of five zang-organs and six fu-organs. All the qi and blood of meridians and organs go downward to infuse the thoroughfare vessel, and that is why the thoroughfare is the sea of blood. When the yin blood is sufficient, the uterus could produce menses and conceive babies, fulfilling its physiological functions.
曾经译法
blood sea (thoroughfare vessel or liver); sea of blood (the penetrating vessel, liver, or SP-10); reservoir of blood
现行译法
sea of blood; reservoir of blood
标准译法
sea of blood
翻译说明:
在中医学中,“血海”有三层含义。一指冲脉,又称十二经之海;二指血海穴:三指肝脏。其翻译可按通俗译法直译,具体 含义可通过注释予以表达。
同词异库:
引例1
人有髓海,有血海,有气海,有水谷之海……血海有余,则常想其身大, 怫然不知其所病。The human body contains the sea of marrow, the sea of blood, the sea of qi, and the sea of food and drinks… When the sea of blood is super abundant, the patient will feel the body is bulging, but unable to describe the disease explicitly.

出处

《灵枢·海论》Spiritual Pivot

释义

人体有髓海、血海、气海、水谷之海……血海有余,就会经常想象身体好 像胀大起来,心情不舒,而不知所患的疾病。
引例2
冲脉为十二经之血海也,故主渗灌溪谷。The thoroughfare vessel is the sea of blood of the twelve meridians; therefore, it governs infusing muscles and interstices.

出处

《类经》卷十七Classified Classics

释义

冲脉是十二经脉的血海,所以能渗透灌溉肌肉腠理。
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