Table of Contents
文字大小:
A-A+
zàngfǔ 脏腑
Zang-fu Organs
释义
EXPLANATION
脏腑是人体内脏的总称,包括五脏、六腑和奇恒之腑。中医对于人体内 在脏腑的认识,一方面借助于古代解剖学方法,以了解人体脏腑的结构及形 态,推测其功能;另一方面,则是通过观察外在征象,借助于阴阳五行理论 来研究内在脏腑的活动规律,以及脏腑与经脉、形体官窍乃至自然界时令变 化等的关系。由此建构了以五脏为中心,以经脉为联络通道,内系六腑、奇 恒之腑以及各组织、官窍,外应四时的整体功能活动系统,形成了中医藏象 理论有机整体观的特点。
It is a collective term of the five zang-organs, six fu-organs, and extraordinary fu- organs. The zang-fu theory evolved from ancient anatomy, through which the knowledge of shape, structure, and functions of zang-fu organs were obtained. It provided insights into the laws of functional activities of zang-fu organs and their relationships with such factors as meridians, physiques, orifices, and seasonal changes based on yin-yang and the five-element theory by means of observation, i.e., “detecting the internal organs through their manifestations.” Therefore, the zang-fu theory features the holistic concept of traditional Chinese medicine. It constitutes an integrated system of functional activities with the focus on the five-zang organs, networked by meridians and collaterals, interconnected with the six fu-organs, the extraordinary fu-organs, tissues, and orifices, as well as corresponding to seasonal and climatic factors.
曾经译法
zang and fu (viscera); internal organs; viscera and bowels
现行译法
viscera; bowels and viscera; zang and fu organs; zang-fu organs; zang-fu organs; zangfu organs
标准译法
zang-fu organs
翻译说明:
译词 organ 通常指器官,对中医术语中的脏腑而言,internal organ 表达的内涵似乎太宽泛,从译文中无法区分中医特指的 “脏”和“腑”。viscera 字面与“脏腑”对应,但 viscera 既包括 中医中的“脏”,又包括中医中的“腑”,还是没有区分出“脏” 与“腑 ”。bowel 表示“肠”的意思,只是“六腑”之一,无 法涵盖“腑”的全部意义。目前较为通用的是音、意结合译法 zang-fu organs,比较准确地表达中医脏腑的含义。由于“脏”、 “腑”的音译已被收录到标准中,故不用斜体。
同词异库:
引例1
言人身之脏腑中阴阳,则脏者为阴,腑者为阳。In terms of zang-fu organs, five zang-organs are of yang attribute, and six fu- organs are of yin attribute.

出处

释义

就人体脏腑来说,五脏属阴,六腑属阳。
引例2
其流溢之气,内溉脏腑,外濡腠理。The transmitted essential qi tonifies zang-fu organs interiorly and nourishes interstitial striations exteriorly.

出处

《灵枢·脉度》)Spiritual Pivot

释义

它们输送的精气,在内灌溉脏腑,在外濡养腠理。
引例3
夫胀者,皆在于脏腑之外,排脏腑而郭胸胁,胀皮肤。All types of distention are located outside zang-fu organs. The skin becomes swollen as the zang-fu organs are compressed and the chest is pressed.

出处

《灵枢·胀论》Spiritual Pivot

释义

胀病,都是在脏腑之外,排挤脏腑而充斥胸胁,使皮肤胀满。
评论中心
登录后,可以发表评论。去登陆
评论搜索