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xīnyīn 心阴
Heart Yin
释义
EXPLANATION
心阴为心的阴精,与心阳相对,具有抑制、宁静、内守、滋养、濡润等 作用。心阴是维持心的正常生理功能的基本物质之一,心阴的作用是滋养 心脏,制约心阳,防止心火过亢,令心阳得以潜藏避免过于亢奋,使心脏的搏动保持正常的节律,并能宁静心神。心阴的这种作用与心血不同。心血虽也属阴,但以涵养为主;而心阴的作用则以宁静、潜藏为主。
Heart yin refers to the yin essence of the heart. Opposite to heart yang, it is inhibitive, quiet, restraining, nourishing, and moistening. Heart yin is one of the basic substances to maintain the physiological functions of the heart. It is primarily involved in nourishing the heart and restricting heart yang to avoid the hyperactivity of heart fire so that heart yang can be held back from over- control and regular pulse as well as calm mind can be kept. Both heart yin and heart blood are of yin attribute, but they differ in function. While heart blood nourishes the heart, heart yin calms the mind and restricts heart yang.
曾经译法
cardiac yin; Heart-yin; heart yin; the Yin (vital essence) of heart, especially the fluid in the heart
现行译法
heart-yin; heart yin
标准译法
heart yin
翻译说明:
“心阴”曾被译为 cardiac yin,cardiac 是西医术语,目前在中医术语英译中较少使用西医词汇。另外一个译法 the Yin (vital essence) of heart, especially the fluid in the heart 是释义,不建 议采用。尽管采用连字符(heart-yin)的译法更突出“心阴” 是一个完整的概念,但“心气”、“心血”、“心阳”等术语均未 加连字符,为保持术语的统一性,“心阴”可译为 heart yin。
同词异库:
引例1
心脉独大,口干易汗,善怒血逆,此心阴不足,心阳独亢,宜犀角地黄 汤。Deficiency of heart yin is characterized by the surging pulse in the heart region without other pulse conditions, dry mouth, sweat, irritation, up-flowing of blood, and the hyperactivity of heart yang alone. Xijiao Dihuang Tang can be prescribed to reliev

出处

《柳选四家医案·评选静香楼医案》Case Records of Four Doctors Selected by Liu Baozhi

释义

心部脉象独大,口干,容易出汗,多怒,血液上逆,这是心阴不足,心阳单独亢盛,宜用犀角地黄汤治疗。
引例2
石斛养胃阴,沙参养肺阴,麦冬养心阴。Dendrobium (Caulis Dendrobii) nourishes stomach yin; Coasial Glehnia Root (Radix Glehniae) nourishes lung yin, and Dwarf Lilyturf Tuber (Radix Ophiopogonis) nourishes heart yin.

出处

《温热逢源》卷下Encountering the Sources of Warm-heat Diseases

释义

石斛滋养胃阴,沙参滋养肺阴,麦冬滋养心阴。
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