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shènyīn 肾阴
Kidney Yin
释义
EXPLANATION
肾阴为肾的阴液,与肾阳相对,具有宁静、滋润、濡养和抑制阳热等作 用。肾阴为一身阴气之源,能抑制和调控脏腑的各种机能,滋润全身脏腑 形体官窍,进而抑制机体的新陈代谢,调控机体的气化过程,减缓精血津液 的化生及运行输布,产热相对减少,并使气凝聚成形而为精血津液。肾的藏 精、主生殖发育和主纳气功能的正常发挥,亦赖于肾阴的滋润、濡养。肾阴 充足,脏腑形体官窍得以濡润,其功能活动得以调控,精神宁静内守。若肾 阴不足,抑制、宁静、凉润等功能减退,则致脏腑机能亢奋,精神躁动,发 为虚热性病证。
Kidney yin, opposite to kidney yang, is the yin fluid of the kidney and primarily involved in calming, nourishing, moistening, and restricting yang heat. Being the root of yin qi of the whole body, kidney yin could restrict and regulate the mechanism of zang-fu organs, nourish zang-fu organs, tissues and orifices, as well as restrict metabolism, regulate qi transformation, slow down the generation and distribution of essence, blood, and fluids to reduce heat generation, and finally qi concentrates and develops into essence, blood, and fluids. The kidney function of storing essence, governing reproduction, growth and development, as well as receiving qi relies on the nourishment and moistening of kidney yin. If kidney yin is abundant, zang-fu organs, tissues, and orifices could be nourished and regulated, and spirit could be kept in the interior. If kidney yin is deficient such functions as restriction, calming, and cooling will be diminished, which might bring about the hyperactivity of zang- fu organs and restlessness. Deficient heat diseases will occur.
曾经译法
kidney-yin; the Yin (vital essence or vital sap) of the kidney; kidney yin; Kidney-Yin
现行译法
kidney yin; kidney-yin; renal yin
标准译法
kidney yin
翻译说明:
单词 renal 英文解释为 in or near the kidney,表示“与肾相关的”。根据中医名词术语国际化的基本原则,“肾阴”一般译为kidney yin,即名词加名词。
同词异库:
引例1
肾阴内衰,阳气外胜,手足皆热,名曰热厥也。Internal deficiency of kidney yin will result in external exuberance of yang qi, which makes palms and soles feverish. The disease is called heat syncope.

出处

《黄帝内经太素》卷 二十六Grand Simplicity of “Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon of Medicine”

释义

肾阴内虚,阳气外盛,手足都感觉发热,这叫热厥。
引例2
用四物地黄牛膝辈以补肾阴。Four Substances Decoction, rehmannia, achyranthes root can be used to replenish kidney yin.

出处

《证治准绳》卷七Standards for the Diagnosis and Treatment

释义

用四物汤、地黄、牛膝之类补益肾阴。
引例3
生地滋肾阴,白芍养肝阴,石斛养胃阴,沙参养肺阴,麦冬养心阴。Rehmannia root replenishes kidney yin. White peony root nourishes liver yin. Dendrobium tonifys stomach yin. Glehnia replenishes lung yin. Ophiopogon nourishes heart yin.

出处

《温热逢源》卷下Encountering the Source of of Warm-heat Diseases

释义

生地滋养肾阴,白芍滋养肝阴,石斛滋养胃阴,沙参滋养肺阴,麦冬滋养心阴。
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