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tiānguǐ 天癸
Tiangui
释义
EXPLANATION
天癸指的是肾中精气充盈到一定程度时,产生的促进生殖器官发育成 熟、维持生殖功能的精微物质。人出生后随着肾精及肾气的不断充盈,产生 天癸。天癸具有促进人体生殖器官的发育成熟和维持人体生殖机能的作用。 天癸来至,女子月经来潮及其后定时排卵,男子出现排精现象,说明性器官 已经发育成熟,具备了生殖能力。没有了天癸的激发作用,生殖机能逐渐衰退,生殖器官日趋萎缩,进入老年期。
Tiangui is the nutrient substance stored in the kidney to promote genital development and maintain the reproductive function when essential qi in the kidney amounts to a certain extent. Specifically, the production of tiangui is based on the successive accumulation of kidney essence and kidney qi when a person is born. Tiangui promotes the growth and maturation of reproductive organs and maintains the reproductive mechanism of the human body. When tiangui comes, a female will experience regular menses and ovulation and a male will experience sperm emission, indicating the maturation of their sexual organs and their capability to reproduce offspring. When tiangui goes, atrophy of reproductive organs will occur and their fertility declines, indicating the arrival of advanced years.
曾经译法
menstruation; the substance necessary for the promotion of growth; development and reproductive function of human body; sex-stimulating essence of the kidney in both sexes; tiankui; tian-gui
现行译法
heavenly tenth; menstruation; reproductive essence; kidney essence; tiangui; sex-stimulating essence
标准译法
tiangui
翻译说明:
“天癸”是具有深刻中华文化特色的中医术语,内涵丰富,正如“气”、“阴”、“阳”一样,只有通过音译,才能保持该术语的深 刻含义。
同词异库:
引例1
二七天癸至,任脉通,太冲脉盛,月事以时下,故有子。At the age of fourteen, tiangui arrives; conception vessel and thoroughfare vessel are vigorous in function. A female begins menstruating and is able to conceive a baby.

出处

释义

到了十四岁时,天癸发育成熟,任脉通畅,冲脉充盛,月经按时而来,所以能够孕育子女。
引例2
盖肾主骨,齿乃骨之余,髓之所养也,故随天癸之盛衰也。The kidney governs bones. The teeth nourished by the marrow are the extension of bones. Thus they change along with the abundance and decline of tiangui.

出处

《证治准绳》 卷十七Standards for the Diagnosis and Treatment

释义

肾主骨,牙齿为骨的延续,由髓所滋养,所以随着天癸的盛衰而变化。
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