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nǚzǐbāo 女子胞
Uterus
释义
EXPLANATION
女子胞为奇恒之腑之一,是女性的内生殖器官。女子胞的生理功能包括 两个方面:一是主持月经。月经是女子生殖细胞发育成熟后周期性子宫出血 的生理现象。月经的产生,是脏腑经脉气血及天癸作用于胞宫的结果。胞宫 的形态与机能正常与否直接影响月经的来潮,所以胞宫有主持月经的作用。 二是孕育胎儿。胞宫是女性孕育胎儿的器官。女子在发育成熟后,月经应时 来潮,经后便要排卵,因而有受孕生殖的能力。
Uterus is the internal reproductive organ of the female and one of the extraordinary organs. It has two major physiological functions. 1) Menstruation: the regular discharge of blood from the uterus upon maturation of female gamete cells. According to traditional Chinese medicine, qi and blood of zang- fu organs and meridians, together with tiangui (heavenly tenth, reproductive stimulating essence), act on the uterus and thus produce menses. The mechanical and physiological integrity of the uterus is directly related to the menstruation. Therefore, the uterus governs menstruation. 2) Conception: When a female reaches reproductive age and begins to ovulate after menarche, the uterus becomes capable of implantation of an embryo.
曾经译法
uterus; womb; Nüzibao
现行译法
uterus
标准译法
uterus
翻译说明:
“女子胞”所指器官和现代医学所指“子宫”相同,所描述的功能也一致,uterus 是专业术语,womb 则是通俗用语。
同词异库:
引例1
脑、髓、骨、脉、胆、女子胞,此六者,地气之所生也,皆藏于阴而象 于地,故藏而不泻,名曰奇恒之腑。The brain, marrow, bones, vessels, gallbladder and uterus are all produced under the influence of earth qi. These six organs store yin substances in the way that the earth has ample virtue and carries all things. They store essence without discharge, henc

出处

《素问·五脏别论》Plain Conversation

释义

脑、髓、骨、脉、胆、女子胞,这六者是感受地气而生的,都能藏精血, 像大地厚德载物那样,它们的作用,是藏精气以濡养机体而不泄于外,这叫 做“奇恒之腑”。
引例2
劳伤血气,冷热不调而受风寒,客于子宫,致使胞内生病。Physical exertion damages the qi and blood; external contraction of wind cold due to improper adjustment to cold and heat invades the uterus. Both lead to the disease of the uterus.

出处

《诸病源候 论·无子候》Treatise on the Origins and Manifestations of Various Diseases

释义

过劳耗伤气血,寒热不调而感受风寒之邪,邪气侵犯子宫,致使女子胞内 生病。
引例3
女子之胞,子宫是也,亦以出纳精气而成胎孕者为奇。The womb, i.e., the uterus, is an extraordinary organ as it could take in essential qi (semen), conceive baby, and maintain pregnancy.

出处

《类经》卷四Classified Classic

释义

女子胞,就是子宫,也因为排出月经、受纳精气形成胎孕,而为奇恒之 腑。
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