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nǎo
Brain
释义
EXPLANATION
脑为奇恒之腑之一,居于颅内,由髓汇聚而成。脑是精髓和神明汇集发 出之处,其主要生理功能是主宰生命活动、主管精神与感觉运动。脑的主要 机能包括三个方面:一是主宰生命活动,因为脑是生命的枢机,主宰人体的 生命活动;二是主宰精神活动,人的精神活动——包括思维、意识和情志活 动等——都是客观外界事物反映于脑的结果;三是主宰感觉运动。脑主元神, 神能驭气,故脑能统领肢体运动。
The brain is located in the skull and made up of marrow. As one of the extraordinary organs, it is where the essence, marrow and spirit concentrate and originate. It is primarily involved in governing life activities, mental activities, senses, and movements. 1) Governing life activities: The brain is thought as the pivot of life and is responsible for all human life activities. 2) Governing mental activities, including mind, consciousness and emotions, etc., which are the reflections of external environment and phenomena. 3) Governing senses and movements: The brain controls all movements of the limbs, as the brain controls the original vitality which dominates qi movement.
曾经译法
brain; encephalon; Nao
现行译法
brain
标准译法
brain
翻译说明:
中医学和现代医学对于脑这一脏器功能的认识虽然不尽相同, 但二者均指相同位置的人体器官。这种属于人体基本结构的词 语,一般都为普通民众所熟知。因此翻译也应该选用普通英语 单词 brain。
同词异库:
引例1
脑为髓之海,其输上在于其盖,下在风府。The brain is the sea of marrow, which infuses acupoints that are respectively located in the vertex in the upper part and at Fengfu (GV16) in the lower part.

出处

《灵枢·海论》Spiritual Pivot

释义

脑是髓海,它的输注要穴,上在百合,下在风府穴。
引例2
诸髓者,皆属于脑。All marrow is related to the brain.

出处

《素问·五脏生成》Plain Conversation

释义

所有的精髓,都上注于脑。
引例3
脑为元神之府,而鼻为命门之窍。The brain is where the original spirit is housed, whereas the nose is the orifice of life gate.

出处

《本草纲目》卷三十四Compendium of Materia Medica

释义

脑是元神所在的地方,而鼻为命门的孔窍。
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