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xiànghuǒ 相火
Ministerial Fire
释义
EXPLANATION
相火为寄藏于肝、胆、肾、三焦之火,与君火相对,有温养脏腑,主司生殖等作用。相对于心火,其他脏腑之火称为相火。君火在心,主发神明,以明主为要。相火在肝肾,禀命行令,以潜藏守位为要。心神清明,机体的 生命活动有序稳定,相火自然潜藏守位以发挥其温煦、推动作用。肾阴充 足,涵养相火,相火则潜藏于肾中而不上僭。
The ministerial fire refers to the fire stored in the liver, gallbladder, kidney and triple energizer (sanjiao). It is responsible for warming and nourishing the organs, and governing reproduction. Fire of all the other organs is called ministerial fire relative to the monarch fire, i.e., heart fire. The monarch fire is located in the heart, responsible for spirit and vitality, and characterized by brightness and exposure. By contrast, the ministerial fire is primarily in the liver and kidney, moving under the order and featured by concealment and storage. When mind is clear and lucid, life activities will be orderly and balanced, and the ministerial fire will be properly stacked in place to perform its warming and propelling function. When kidney yin is sufficient to nourish and harbor it, the ministerial fire will be kept in place and stopped from flaring upward.
曾经译法
prime-minister fire; primer fire
现行译法
kidney fire; Xianghuo; ministerial fire
标准译法
ministerial fire
翻译说明:
“相火”即为“丞相之火”,与“君主之火”相对而言。中医学历代各家对“相火”具体所指均有不同观点。现行标准均采用 了 minister 一词的形容词形式。
同词异库:
引例1
主闭藏者肾也,司疏泄者肝也,二脏皆有相火。The kidney governs the storage of essence, whereas the liver governs the smooth flow of qi. Both the kidney and the liver harbor the ministerial fire.

出处

《格致余论》Further Discourses on the Acquisition of Knowledge Through Profound Study

释义

主管闭藏的是肾,主司疏泄的是肝,二脏都寄存相火。
引例2
盖火分君相,君火者,居乎上而主动;相火者,处乎下而主静。君火惟一 心主是也,相火有二,乃肾与肝。The fire can be divided into the monarch fire and the ministerial fire. The former located in the upper energizer governs activities; the latter located in the lower energizer governs stillness. The monarch fire is governed by the heart only, whereas the ministerial fire is controlled by both the liver and the kidney.

出处

《医宗必读》卷一Required Readings from the Medical Ancestors

释义

火分为君火与相火,君火居于上焦而主动,相火处于下焦而主静。君火只 有心一个脏器所主,而相火却是有肾和肝两个脏器所主。
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