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píqì 脾气
Spleen Qi
释义
EXPLANATION
脾气为脾的精气,是脾脏生理活动的物质基础及动力来源。脾气是一身 之气分布到脾并发挥特定作用的精微物质,是推动运化水谷、运化水液、升 清功能的动力,又是统血功能的固摄力。脾气以升为用,对于水谷精微输布 心肺、头面和腹腔内脏位置恒定具有重要作用。脾气以肾所藏的先天元气为 根基,以水谷精微之气的补充尤为重要。
Spleen qi, the essential qi of the spleen, is the material basis and driving force of the physiological activities of the spleen. Spleen qi is the qi and the essence in the whole body that are distributed to the spleen to perform special functions such as promoting transportation and transformation of food and drinks, ascending the clear, and controlling blood. With the function of ascent, spleen qi distributes the nutrients of food and drinks to the heart, lung, head, and face, and keeps internal organs in the abdomen in their normal positions. It is rooted in the original qi prenatally stored in the kidney and replenished by the qi transformed from nutrients of ingested food and drinks.
曾经译法
Qi (functional activities) of the spleen; spleen energy; splenic qi
现行译法
splenoqi; spleen-qi; spleen qi
标准译法
spleen qi
翻译说明:
把“脾”翻译成 splenic 或者 spleno-,过于西医化。词典中没有 splenoqi 一词。splenic qi 不如 spleen qi 简洁,而且后者便于 与有关其他脏器的气的英文术语保持一致。spleen-qi 固然可以 视为将其转变成复合名词,但也有将其转变成形容词之嫌,不 如直接译为 spleen qi 这个名词词组。
同词异库:
引例1
脾气通于口,脾和则口能知五谷矣。Spleen qi goes to the mouth. Only when spleen qi is in harmony can the mouth distinguish the five cereals.

出处

《灵枢·脉度》Spiritual Pivot

释义

脾气通于口窍,脾气调和,口就能辨别五谷滋味。
引例2
七十岁,脾气虚,皮肤枯。When one is 70 years old, spleen qi becomes deficient and skin becomes withered.

出处

《灵枢·天年》Spiritual Pivot

释义

到了七十岁,脾气虚弱,皮肤干枯。
引例3
五脏六腑之血,全赖脾气统摄。Blood of five zang-organs and six fu-organs is controlled by spleen qi to flow within the vessels.

出处

《金匮要略编注·下血》The Annotated “Essential Prescriptions of the Golden Cabinet”

释义

五脏六腑的血液,都依赖脾气的统摄。
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